Marley was dead, to begin with. There is no doubt whatever about that. The register of his burial was
signed by the clergyman, the clerk, the undertaker, and the chief mourner. Scrooge signed it. And Scrooges
name was good upon Change for anything he chose to put his hand to. Old Marley was as dead as a
Mind! I dont mean to say that I know of my own knowledge, what there is particularly dead about a
doornail. I might have been inclined, myself, to regard a coffin-nail as the deadest piece of ironmongery
in the trade. But the wisdom of our ancestors is in the simile; and my unhallowed hands shall not disturb
it, or the countrys done for. You will, therefore, permit me to repeat, emphatically, that Marley was as
dead as a doornail.
Scrooge knew he was dead? Of course he did. How could it be otherwise? Scrooge and he were partners
for I dont know how many years. Scrooge was his sole executor, his sole administrator, his sole assign,
his sole residuary legatee, his sole friend, and sole mourner. And even Scrooge was not so dreadfully
cut up by the sad event but that he was an excellent man of business on the very day of the funeral,
and solemnised it with an undoubted bargain.
The mention of Marleys funeral brings me back to the point I started from. There is no doubt that Marley
was dead. This must be distinctly understood, or nothing wonderful can come of the story I am going to
relate. If we were not perfectly convinced that Hamlets father died before the play began, there would
be nothing more remarkable in his taking a stroll at night, in an easterly wind, upon his own ramparts,
than there would be in a breezy spot say St Pauls Churchyard, for instance literally to astonish his
sons weak mind.
Scrooge never painted out Old Marleys name. There it stood, years afterwards, above the warehouse
door: Scrooge and Marley. The firm was known as Scrooge and Marley. Sometimes people new to the
business called Scrooge Scrooge, and sometimes Marley, but he answered to both names. It was all
the same to him.
Oh! but he was a tight-fisted hand at the grindstone, Scrooge! a squeezing, wrenching, grasping, scraping,
clutching, covetous old sinner! Hard and sharp as flint, from which no steel had ever struck out generous
fire; secret, and self-contained, and solitary as an oyster. The cold within him froze his old features, nipped
his pointed nose, shrivelled his cheek, stiffened his gait; made his eyes red, his thin lips blue; and spoke
out shrewdly in his grating voice. A frosty rime was on his head, and on his eyebrows, and his wiry
chin. He carried his own low temperature always about with him; he iced his office in the dog-days, and
didnt thaw it one degree at Christmas.
External heat and cold had little influence on Scrooge. No warmth could warm, no wintry weather chill
him. No wind that blew was bitterer than he, no falling snow was more intent upon its purpose, no pelting
rain less open to entreaty. Foul weather didnt know where to have him. The heaviest rain, and snow,
and hail, and sleet could boast of the advantage over him in only one respect. They often came down
handsomely, and Scrooge never did.
Nobody ever stopped him in the street to say, with gladsome looks, My dear Scrooge, how are you?
When will you come to see me? No beggars implored him to bestow a trifle, no children asked him
what it was oclock, no man or woman ever once in all his life enquired the way to such and such a
place, of Scrooge. Even the blind mens dogs appeared to know him; and, when they saw him coming
on, would tug their owners into doorways and up courts; and then would wag their tails as though they
said, No eye at all is better than an evil eye, dark master!
But what did Scrooge care? It was the very thing he liked. To edge his way along the crowded paths of
life, warning all human sympathy to keep its distance, was what the knowing ones call nuts to Scrooge.
Once upon a time of all the good days in the year, on Christmas Eve old Scrooge sat busy in his
counting-house. It was cold, bleak, biting weather; foggy withal; and he could hear the people in the court outside go wheezing up and down, beating their hands upon their breasts, and stamping their feet upon
the pavement stones to warm them. The City clocks had only just gone three, but it was quite dark
already it had not been light all day and candles were flaring in the windows of the neighbouring
offices, like ruddy smears upon the palpable brown air. The fog came pouring in at every chink and
keyhole, and was so dense without, that, although the court was of the narrowest, the houses opposite
were mere phantoms. To see the dingy cloud come drooping down, obscuring everything, one might
have thought that nature lived hard by, and was brewing on a large scale.
The door of Scrooges counting-house was open, that he might keep his eye upon his clerk, who in
a dismal little cell beyond, a sort of tank, was copying letters. Scrooge had a very small fire, but the
clerks fire was so very much smaller that it looked like one coal. But he couldnt replenish it, for Scrooge
kept the coal-box in his own room; and so surely as the clerk came in with the shovel, the master predicted
that it would be necessary for them to part. Wherefore the clerk put on his white comforter, and tried to
warm himself at the candle; in which effort, not being a man of strong imagination, he failed.
A merry Christmas, uncle! God save you! cried a cheerful voice. It was the voice of Scrooges nephew,
who came upon him so quickly that this was the first intimation he had of his approach.
Bah! said Scrooge. Humbug!
He had so heated himself with rapid walking in the fog and frost, this nephew of Scrooges, that he was
all in a glow; his face was ruddy and handsome; his eyes sparkled, and his breath smoked again.
Christmas a humbug, uncle! said Scrooges nephew. You dont mean that, I am sure?
I do, said Scrooge. Merry Christmas! What right have you to be merry? What reason have you to be
merry? Youre poor enough.
Come, then, returned the nephew gaily. What right have you to be dismal? What reason have you to
be morose? Youre rich enough.
Scrooge, having no better answer ready on the spur of the moment, said, Bah! again; and followed it up
Dont be cross, uncle! said the nephew.
What else can I be, returned the uncle, when I live in such a world of fools as this? Merry Christmas!
Out upon merry Christmas! Whats Christmastime to you but a time for paying bills without money; a
time for finding yourself a year older, and not an hour richer; a time for balancing your books, and having
every item in em through a round dozen of months presented dead against you? If I could work my
will, said Scrooge indignantly, every idiot who goes about with Merry Christmas on his lips should be
boiled with his own pudding, and buried with a stake of holly through his heart. He should!
Uncle! pleaded the nephew.
Nephew! returned the uncle sternly, keep Christmas in your own way, and let me keep it in mine.
Keep it! repeated Scrooges nephew. But you dont keep it.
Let me leave it alone, then, said Scrooge. Much good may it do you! Much good it has ever done
There are many things from which I might have derived good, by which I have not profited, I dare say,
returned the nephew; Christmas among the rest. But I am sure I have always thought of Christmastime,
when it has come round apart from the veneration due to its sacred name and origin, if anything
belonging to it can be apart from that as a good time; a kind, forgiving, charitable, pleasant time; the only time I know of, in the long calendar of the year, when men and women seem by one consent to
open their shut-up hearts freely, and to think of people below them as if they really were fellow-passengers
to the grave, and not another race of creatures bound on other journeys. And therefore, uncle, though it
has never put a scrap of gold or silver in my pocket, I believe that it has done me good and will do me
good; and I say, God bless it!
The clerk in the tank involuntarily applauded. Becoming immediately sensible of the impropriety, he
poked the fire, and extinguished the last frail spark for ever.
Let me hear another sound from you, said Scrooge, and youll keep your Christmas by losing your
situation! Youre quite a powerful speaker, sir, he added, turning to his nephew. I wonder you dont go
Dont be angry, uncle. Come! Dine with us tomorrow.
Scrooge said that he would see him Yes, indeed he did. He went the whole length of the expression,
and said that he would see him in that extremity first.
But why? cried Scrooges nephew. Why?
Why did you get married? said Scrooge.
Because I fell in love.
Because you fell in love! growled Scrooge, as if that were the only one thing in the world more ridiculous
than a merry Christmas. Good-afternoon!
Nay, uncle, but you never came to see me before that happened. Why give it as a reason for not coming
Good-afternoon, said Scrooge.
I want nothing from you; I ask nothing of you; why cannot we be friends?
Good-afternoon! said Scrooge.
I am sorry, with all my heart, to find you so resolute. We have never had any quarrel to which I have
been a party. But I have made the trial in homage to Christmas, and Ill keep my Christmas humour to
the last. So A Merry Christmas, uncle!
Good-afternoon, said Scrooge.
And a Happy New Year!
Good-afternoon! said Scrooge.
His nephew left the room without an angry word, notwithstanding. He stopped at the outer door to bestow
the greetings of the season on the clerk, who, cold as he was, was warmer than Scrooge; for he returned
Theres another fellow, muttered Scrooge, who overheard him: my clerk, with fifteen shillings a week,
and a wife and family, talking about a merry Christmas. Ill retire to Bedlam.
This lunatic, in letting Scrooges nephew out, had let two other people in. They were portly gentlemen,
pleasant to behold, and now stood, with their hats off, in Scrooges office. They had books and papers
in their hands, and bowed to him.
Scrooge and Marleys, I believe, said one of the gentlemen, referring to his list. Have I the pleasure of
addressing Mr Scrooge, or Mr Marley?
Mr Marley has been dead these seven years, Scrooge replied. He died seven years ago, this very
We have no doubt his liberality is well represented by his surviving partner, said the gentleman, presenting
It certainly was; for they had been two kindred spirits. At the ominous word liberality Scrooge frowned,
and shook his head, and handed the credentials back.
At this festive season of the year, Mr Scrooge, said the gentleman, taking up a pen, it is more than
usually desirable that we should make some slight provision for the poor and destitute, who suffer greatly
at the present time. Many thousands are in want of common necessaries; hundreds of thousands are in
want of common comforts, sir.
Are there no prisons? asked Scrooge.
Plenty of prisons, said the gentleman, laying down the pen again.
And the Union workhouses? demanded Scrooge. Are they still in operation?
They are. Still, returned the gentleman, I wish I could say they were not.
The Treadmill and the Poor Law are in full vigour, then? said Scrooge.
Both very busy, sir.
Oh! I was afraid, from what you said at first, that something had occurred to stop them in their useful
course, said Scrooge. I am very glad to hear it.
Under the impression that they scarcely furnish Christian cheer of mind or body to the multitude, returned
the gentleman, a few of us are endeavouring to raise a fund to buy the Poor some meat and drink, and
means of warmth. We choose this time, because it is a time, of all others, when Want is keenly felt, and
Abundance rejoices. What shall I put you down for?
Nothing! Scrooge replied.
You wish to be anonymous?
I wish to be left alone, said Scrooge. Since you ask me what I wish, gentlemen, that is my answer. I
dont make merry myself at Christmas, and I cant afford to make idle people merry. I help to support
the establishments I have mentioned they cost enough: and those who are badly off must go there.
Many cant go there; and many would rather die.
If they would rather die, said Scrooge, they had better do it, and decrease the surplus population. Besides
excuse me I dont know that.
But you might know it, observed the gentleman.
Its not my business, Scrooge returned. Its enough for a man to understand his own business, and not
to interfere with other peoples. Mine occupies me constantly. Good-afternoon, gentlemen!
Seeing clearly that it would be useless to pursue their point, the gentlemen withdrew. Scrooge resumed
his labours with an improved opinion of himself, and in a more facetious temper than was usual with
Meanwhile the fog and darkness thickened so, that people ran about with flaring links, proffering their
services to go before horses in carriages, and conduct them on their way. The ancient tower of a church,
whose gruff old bell was always peeping slily down at Scrooge out of a Gothic window in the wall, became
invisible, and struck the hours and quarters in the clouds, with tremulous vibrations afterwards, as if
its teeth were chattering in its frozen head up there. The cold became intense. In the main street, at
the corner of the court, some labourers were repairing the gas-pipes, and had lighted a great fire in a
brazier, round which a party of ragged men and boys were gathered: warming their hands and winking
their eyes before the blaze in rapture. The water-plug being left in solitude, its overflowings suddenly
congealed, and turned to misanthropic ice. The brightness of the shops, where holly springs and berries
crackled in the lamp heat of the windows, made pale faces ruddy as they passed. Poulterers and grocers
trades became a splendid joke: a glorious pageant, with which it was next to impossible to believe that
such dull principles as bargain and sale had anything to do. The Lord Mayor, in the stronghold of the
mighty Mansion House, gave orders to his fifty cooks and butlers to keep Christmas as a Lord Mayors
household should; and even the little tailor, whom he had fined five shillings on the previous Monday for
being drunk and bloodthirsty in the streets, stirred up tomorrows pudding in his garret, while his lean
wife and the baby sallied out to buy the beef.
Foggier yet, and colder! Piercing, searching, biting cold. If the good St Dunstan had but nipped the Evil
Spirits nose with a touch of such weather as that, instead of using his familiar weapons, then indeed
he would have roared to lusty purpose. The owner of one scant young nose, gnawed and mumbled by
the hungry cold as bones are gnawed by dogs, stooped down at Scrooges keyhole to regale him with a
Christmas carol; but, at the first sound of
God bless you, merry gentleman,
May nothing you dismay!
Scrooge seized the ruler with such energy of action that the singer fled in terror, leaving the keyhole to
the fog, and even more congenial frost.
At length the hour of shutting up the counting-house arrived. With an ill-will Scrooge dismounted from
his stool, and tacitly admitted the fact to the expectant clerk in the tank, who instantly snuffed his candle
out, and put on his hat.
Youll want all day tomorrow, I suppose? said Scrooge.
If quite convenient, sir.
Its not convenient, said Scrooge, and its not fair. If I was to stop half a crown for it, youd think yourself
ill used, Ill be bound?
The clerk smiled faintly.
And yet, said Scrooge, you dont think me ill used when I pay a days wages for no work.
The clerk observed that it was only once a year.
A poor excuse for picking a mans pocket every twenty-fifth of December! said Scrooge, buttoning his
greatcoat to the chin. But I suppose you must have the whole day. Be here all the earlier next morning.
The clerk promised that he would; and Scrooge walked out with a growl. The office was closed in a twinkling,
and the clerk, with the long ends of his white comforter dangling below his waist (for he boasted no
greatcoat), went down a slide on Cornhill, at the end of a lane of boys, twenty times, in honour of its being Christmas Eve, and then ran home to Camden Town as hard as he could pelt, to play at blindmans-
Scrooge took his melancholy dinner in his usual melancholy tavern; and having read all the newspapers,
and beguiled the rest of the evening with his bankers book, went home to bed. He lived in chambers
which had once belonged to his deceased partner. They were a gloomy suite of rooms, in a lowering
pile of building up a yard, where it had so little business to be, that one could scarcely help fancying
it must have run there when it was a young house, playing at hide-and-seek with other houses, and
have forgotten the way out again. It was old enough now, and dreary enough; for nobody lived in it but
Scrooge, the other rooms being all let out as offices. The yard was so dark that even Scrooge, who
knew its every stone, was fain to grope with his hands. The fog and frost so hung about the black old
gateway of the house, that it seemed as if the Genius of the Weather sat in mournful meditation on the
Now, it is a fact that there was nothing at all particular about the knocker on the door, except that it was
very large. It is also a fact that Scrooge had seen it, night and morning, during his whole residence in
that place; also that Scrooge had as little of what is called fancy about him as any man in the City of
London, even including which is a bold word the corporation, aldermen, and livery. Let it also
be borne in mind that Scrooge had not bestowed one thought on Marley since his last mention of his
seven-years-dead partner that afternoon. And then let any man explain to me, if he can, how it happened
that Scrooge, having his key in the lock of the door, saw in the knocker, without its undergoing any intermediate
process of change not a knocker, but Marleys face.
Marleys face. It was not in impenetrable shadow, as the other objects in the yard were, but had a dismal
light about it, like a bad lobster in a dark cellar. It was not angry or ferocious, but looked at Scrooge as
Marley used to look; with ghostly spectacles turned up on its ghostly forehead. The hair was curiously
stirred, as if by breath or hot air; and, though the eyes were wide open, they were perfectly motionless.
That, and its livid colour, made it horrible; but its horror seemed to be in spite of the face, and beyond its
control, rather than a part of its own expression.
As Scrooge looked fixedly at this phenomenon, it was a knocker again.
To say that he was not startled, or that his blood was not conscious of a terrible sensation to which it
had been a stranger from infancy, would be untrue. But he put his hand upon the key he had relinquished,
turned it sturdily, walked in, and lighted his candle.
He did pause, with a moments irresolution, before he shut the door; and he did look cautiously behind
it first, as if he half expected to be terrified with the sight of Marleys pigtail sticking out into the hall. But
there was nothing on the back of the door, except the screws and nuts that held the knocker on, so he
said, Pooh, pooh! and closed it with a bang.
The sound resounded through the house like thunder. Every room above, and every cask in the wine-
merchants cellars below, appeared to have a separate peal of echoes of its own. Scrooge was not a
man to be frightened by echoes. He fastened the door, and walked across the hall, and up the stairs: slowly,
too: trimming his candle as he went.
You may talk vaguely about driving a coach and six up a good old flight of stairs, or through a bad young
Act of Parliament; but I mean to say you might have got a hearse up that staircase, and taken it broadwise,
with the splinter-bar towards the wall, and the door towards the balustrades: and done it easy. There was
plenty of width for that, and room to spare; which is perhaps the reason why Scrooge thought he saw a
locomotive hearse going on before him in the gloom. Half a dozen gas-lamps out of the street wouldnt
have lighted the entry too well, so you may suppose that it was pretty dark with Scrooges dip.
Up Scrooge went, not caring a button for that. Darkness is cheap, and Scrooge liked it. But, before he
shut his heavy door, he walked through his rooms to see that all was right. He had just enough recollection
of the face to desire to do that.
Sitting-room, bedroom, lumber-room. All as they should be. Nobody under the table, nobody under the
sofa; a small fire in the grate; spoon and basin ready; and the little saucepan of gruel (Scrooge had a cold
in his head) upon the hob. Nobody under the bed; nobody in the closet; nobody in his dressing-gown,
which was hanging up in a suspicious attitude against the wall. Lumber-room as usual. Old fireguard,
old shoes, two fish baskets, washing-stand on three legs, and a poker.
Quite satisfied, he closed his door, and locked himself in; double locked himself in, which was not his
custom. Thus secured against surprise, he took off his cravat; put on his dressing-gown and slippers,
and his nightcap; and sat down before the fire to take his gruel.
It was a very low fire indeed; nothing on such a bitter night. He was obliged to sit close to it, and brood
over it, before he could extract the least sensation of warmth from such a handful of fuel. The fireplace
was an old one, built by some Dutch merchant long ago, and paved all round with quaint Dutch tiles,
designed to illustrate the Scriptures. There were Cains and Abels, Pharaohs daughters, Queens of
Sheba, Angelic messengers descending through the air on clouds like feather-beds, Abrahams, Belshazzars,
Apostles putting off to sea in butter-boats, hundreds of figures to attract his thoughts; and yet that face of
Marley, seven years dead, came like the ancient Prophets rod, and swallowed up the whole. If each
smooth tile had been a blank at first, with power to shape some picture on its surface from the disjointed
fragments of his thoughts, there would have been a copy of old Marleys head on every one.
Humbug! said Scrooge; and walked across the room.
After several turns he sat down again. As he threw his head back in the chair, his glance happened
to rest upon a bell, a disused bell, that hung in the room, and communicated, for some purpose now
forgotten, with a chamber in the highest storey of the building. It was with great astonishment, and with
a strange, inexplicable dread, that, as he looked, he saw this bell begin to swing. It swung so softly in
the outset that it scarcely made a sound; but soon it rang out loudly, and so did every bell in the house.
This might have lasted half a minute, or a minute, but it seemed an hour. The bells ceased, as they had
begun, together. They were succeeded by a clanking noise deep down below as if some person were
dragging a heavy chain over the casks in the wine-merchants cellar. Scrooge then remembered to have
heard that ghosts in haunted houses were described as dragging chains.
The cellar door flew open with a booming sound, and then he heard the noise much louder on the floors
below; then coming up the stairs; then coming straight towards his door.
Its humbug still! said Scrooge. I wont believe it.
His colour changed, though, when, without a pause, it came on through the heavy door and passed into
the room before his eyes. Upon its coming in, the dying flame leaped up, as though it cried, I know him!
Marleys Ghost! and fell again.
The same face: the very same. Marley in his pigtail, usual waistcoat, tights, and boots; the tassels on the
latter bristling, like his pigtail, and his coat-skirts, and the hair upon his head. The chain he drew was
clasped about his middle. It was long, and wound about him like a tail; and it was made (for Scrooge
observed it closely) of cash-boxes, keys, padlocks, ledgers, deeds, and heavy purses wrought in steel.
His body was transparent: so that Scrooge, observing him, and looking through his waistcoat, could see
the two buttons on his coat behind.
Scrooge had often heard it said that Marley had no bowels, but he had never believed it until now.
No, nor did he believe it even now. Though he looked the phantom through and through, and saw it
standing before him; though he felt the chilling influence of its death-cold eyes, and marked the very
texture of the folded kerchief bound about its head and chin, which wrapper he had not observed before,
he was still incredulous, and fought against his senses.
How now! said Scrooge, caustic and cold as ever. What do you want with me?
Much! Marleys voice; no doubt about it.
Who are you?
Ask me who I was.
Who were you, then? said Scrooge, raising his voice. Youre particular, for a shade. He was going to
say to a shade, but substituted this, as more appropriate.
In life I was your partner, Jacob Marley.
Can you can you sit down? asked Scrooge, looking doubtfully at him.
Do it, then.
Scrooge asked the question, because he didnt know whether a ghost so transparent might find himself
in a condition to take a chair; and felt that in the event of its being impossible, it might involve the necessity
of an embarrassing explanation. But the Ghost sat down on the opposite side of the fireplace, as if he
were quite used to it.
You dont believe in me, observed the Ghost.
I dont, said Scrooge.
What evidence would you have of my reality beyond that of your own senses?
I dont know, said Scrooge.
Why do you doubt your senses?
Because, said Scrooge, a little thing affects them. A slight disorder of the stomach makes them cheats.
You may be an undigested bit of beef, a blot of mustard, a crumb of cheese, a fragment of an underdone
potato. Theres more of gravy than of grave about you, whatever you are!
Scrooge was not much in the habit of cracking jokes, nor did he feel in his heart by any means waggish
then. The truth is, that he tried to be smart, as a means of distracting his own attention, and keeping
down his terror; for the spectres voice disturbed the very marrow in his bones.
To sit staring at those fixed, glazed eyes in silence, for a moment, would play, Scrooge felt, the very
deuce with him. There was something very awful, too, in the spectres being provided with an infernal
atmosphere of his own. Scrooge could not feel it himself, but this was clearly the case; for though the
Ghost sat perfectly motionless, its hair, and skirts, and tassels were still agitated as by the hot vapour
from an oven.
You see this toothpick? said Scrooge, returning quickly to the charge, for the reason just assigned; and
wishing, though it were only for a second, to divert the visions stony gaze from himself.
I do, replied the Ghost.
You are not looking at it, said Scrooge.
But I see it, said the Ghost, notwithstanding.
Well! returned Scrooge, I have but to swallow this, and be for the rest of my days persecuted by a
legion of goblins, all of my own creation. Humbug, I tell you: humbug!
At this the spirit raised a frightful cry, and shook its chain with such a dismal and appalling noise, that
Scrooge held on tight to his chair, to save himself from falling in a swoon. But how much greater was
his horror when the phantom, taking off the bandage round his head, as if it were too warm to wear
indoors, its lower jaw dropped down upon its breast!
Scrooge fell upon his knees, and clasped his hands before his face.
Mercy! he said. Dreadful apparition, why do you trouble me?
Man of the worldly mind! replied the Ghost, do you believe in me or not?
I do, said Scrooge; I must. But why do spirits walk the earth, and why do they come to me?
It is required of every man, the Ghost returned, that the spirit within him should walk abroad among his
fellow-men, and travel far and wide; and, if that spirit goes not forth in life, it is condemned to do so after
death. It is doomed to wander through the world oh, woe is me! and witness what it cannot share,
but might have shared on earth, and turned to happiness!
Again the spectre raised a cry, and shook its chain and wrung its shadowy hands.
You are fettered, said Scrooge, trembling. Tell me why?
I wear the chain I forged in life, replied the Ghost. I made it link by link, and yard by yard; I girded it on
of my own free will, and of my own free will I wore it. Is its pattern strange to you?
Scrooge trembled more and more.
Or would you know, pursued the Ghost, the weight and length of the strong coil you bear yourself? It
was full as heavy and as long as this seven Christmas Eves ago. You have laboured on it since. It is a
Scrooge glanced about him on the floor, in the expectation of finding himself surrounded by some fifty or
sixty fathoms of iron cable; but he could see nothing.
Jacob! he said imploringly. Old Jacob Marley, tell me more! Speak comfort to me, Jacob!
I have none to give, the Ghost replied. It comes from other regions, Ebenezer Scrooge, and is conveyed
by other ministers, to other kinds of men. Nor can I tell you what I would. A very little more is all permitted
to me. I cannot rest, I cannot stay, I cannot linger anywhere. My spirit never walked beyond our counting-
house mark me in life my spirit never roved beyond the narrow limits of our money-changing hole; and
weary journeys lie before me!
It was a habit with Scrooge, whenever he became thoughtful, to put his hands in his breeches pockets.
Pondering on what the Ghost had said, he did so now, but without lifting up his eyes, or getting off his
You must have been very slow about it, Jacob, Scrooge observed in a business-like manner, though
with humility and deference.
Slow! the Ghost repeated.
Seven years dead, mused Scrooge. And travelling all the time?
The whole time, said the Ghost. No rest, no peace. Incessant torture of remorse.
You travel fast? said Scrooge.
On the wings of the wind, replied the Ghost.
You might have got over a great quantity of ground in seven years, said Scrooge.
The Ghost, on hearing this, set up another cry, and clanked its chain so hideously in the dead silence of
the night, that the Ward would have been justified in indicting it for a nuisance.
Oh! captive, bound, and double-ironed, cried the phantom, not to know that ages of incessant labour,
by immortal creatures, for this earth must pass into eternity before the good of which it is susceptible
is all developed! Not to know that any Christian spirit working kindly in its little sphere, whatever it may
be, will find its mortal life too short for its vast means of usefulness! Not to know that no space of regret
can make amends for one lifes opportunities misused! Yet such was I! Oh, such was I!
But you were always a good man of business, Jacob, faltered Scrooge, who now began to apply this to
Business! cried the Ghost, wringing its hands again. Mankind was my business. The common welfare
was my business; charity, mercy, forbearance, and benevolence were, all, my business. The dealings of
my trade were but a drop of water in the comprehensive ocean of my business!
It held up its chain at arms-length, as if that were the cause of all its unavailing grief, and flung it heavily
upon the ground again.
At this time of the rolling year, the spectre said, I suffer most. Why did I walk through crowds of fellow-
beings with my eyes turned down, and never raise them to that blessed Star which led the Wise Men to
a poor abode? Were there no poor homes to which its light would have conducted me?
Scrooge was very much dismayed to hear the spectre going on at this rate, and began to quake exceedingly.
Hear me! cried the Ghost. My time is nearly gone.
I will, said Scrooge. But dont be hard upon me! Dont be flowery, Jacob! Pray!
How it is that I appear before you in a a shape that you can see, I may not tell. I have sat invisible
beside you many and many a day.
It was not an agreeable idea. Scrooge shivered, and wiped the perspiration from his brow.
That is no light part of my penance, pursued the Ghost. I am here tonight to warn you that you have
yet a chance and hope of escaping my fate. A chance and hope of my procuring, Ebenezer.
You were always a good friend to me, said Scrooge. Thankee!
You will be haunted, resumed the Ghost, by Three Spirits.
Scrooges countenance fell almost as low as the Ghosts had done.
Is that the chance and hope you mentioned, Jacob? he demanded in a faltering voice.
I I think Id rather not, said Scrooge.
Without their visits, said the Ghost, you cannot hope to shun the path I tread. Expect the first tomorrow
when the bell tolls One.
Couldnt I take em all at once, and have it over, Jacob? hinted Scrooge.
Expect the second on the next night at the same hour. The third, upon the next night when the last
stroke of Twelve has ceased to vibrate. Look to see me no more; and look that, for your own sake, you
remember what has passed between us!
When it had said these words, the spectre took its wrapper from the table, and bound it round its head
as before. Scrooge knew this by the smart sound its teeth made when the jaws were brought together
by the bandage. He ventured to raise his eyes again, and found his supernatural visitor confronting him
in an erect attitude, with its chain wound over and about its arm.
The apparition walked backward from him; and, at every step it took, the window raised itself a little, so
that, when the spectre reached it, it was wide open. It beckoned Scrooge to approach, which he did.
When they were within two paces of each other, Marleys Ghost held up its hand, warning him to come
no nearer. Scrooge stopped.
Not so much in obedience as in surprise and fear; for, on the raising of the hand, he became sensible of
confused noises in the air; incoherent sounds of lamentation and regret; wailings inexpressibly sorrowful
and self-accusatory. The spectre, after listening for a moment, joined in the mournful dirge; and floated
out upon the bleak, dark night.
Scrooge followed to the window: desperate in his curiosity. He looked out.
The air was filled with phantoms, wandering hither and thither in restless haste, and moaning as they
went. Every one of them wore chains like Marleys Ghost; some few (they might be guilty governments)
were linked together; none were free. Many had been personally known to Scrooge in their lives. He
had been quite familiar with one old ghost in a white waistcoat, with a monstrous iron safe attached to
its ankle, who cried piteously at being unable to assist a wretched woman with an infant, whom it saw
below upon a doorstep. The misery with them all was clearly, that they sought to interfere, for good, in
human matters, and had lost the power for ever.
Whether these creatures faded into mist, or mist enshrouded them, he could not tell. But they and their
spirit voices faded together; and the night became as it had been when he walked home.
Scrooge closed the window, and examined the door by which the Ghost had entered. It was double
locked, as he had locked it with his own hands, and the bolts were undisturbed. He tried to say Humbug!
but stopped at the first syllable. And being, from the emotions he had undergone, or the fatigues
of the day, or his glimpse of the Invisible World, or the dull conversation of the Ghost, or the lateness
of the hour, much in need of repose, went straight to bed without undressing, and fell asleep upon the
The First of the Three Spirits
When Scrooge awoke it was so dark, that, looking out of bed, he could scarcely distinguish the transparent
window from the opaque walls of his chamber. He was endeavouring to pierce the darkness with his
ferret eyes, when the chimes of a neighbouring church struck the four quarters. So he listened for the
To his great astonishment, the heavy bell went on from six to seven, and from seven to eight, and regularly
up to twelve; then stopped. Twelve! It was past two when he went to bed. The clock was wrong. An
icicle must have got into the works. Twelve!
He touched the spring of his repeater, to correct this most preposterous clock. Its rapid little pulse beat
twelve, and stopped. Why, it isnt possible, said Scrooge, that I can have slept through a whole day
and far into another night. It isnt possible that anything has happened to the sun, and this is twelve at
The idea being an alarming one, he scrambled out of bed, and groped his way to the window. He was
obliged to rub the frost off with the sleeve of his dressing-gown before he could see anything; and could
see very little then. All he could make out was, that it was still very foggy and extremely cold, and that
there was no noise of people running to and fro, and making a great stir, as there unquestionably would
have been if night had beaten off bright day, and taken possession of the world. This was a great relief,
because Three days after sight of this First of Exchange pay to Mr Ebenezer Scrooge or his order, and
so forth, would have become a mere United States security if there were no days to count by.
Scrooge went to bed again, and thought, and thought, and thought it over and over, and could make
nothing of it. The more he thought, the more perplexed he was; and, the more he endeavoured not to
think, the more he thought.
Marleys Ghost bothered him exceedingly. Every time he resolved within himself, after mature enquiry,
that it was all a dream, his mind flew back again, like a strong spring released, to its first position, and
presented the same problem to be worked all through, Was it a dream or not?
Scrooge lay in this state until the chime had gone three-quarters more, when he remembered, on a
sudden, that the Ghost had warned him of a visitation when the bell tolled one. He resolved to lie awake
until the hour was passed; and, considering that he could no more go to sleep than go to heaven, this
was, perhaps, the wisest resolution in his power.
The quarter was so long, that he was more than once convinced he must have sunk into a doze unconsciously,
and missed the clock. At length it broke upon his listening ear.
A quarter past, said Scrooge, counting.
Half past, said Scrooge.
A quarter to it, said Scrooge.
The hour itself, said Scrooge triumphantly, and nothing else!
He spoke before the hour bell sounded, which it now did with a deep, dull, hollow, melancholy One.
Light flashed up in the room upon the instant, and the curtains of his bed were drawn.
The curtains of his bed were drawn aside, I tell you, by a hand. Not the curtains at his feet, nor the
curtains at his back, but those to which his face was addressed. The curtains of his bed were drawn
aside; and Scrooge, starting up into a half-recumbent attitude, found himself face to face with the unearthly
visitor who drew them: as close to it as I am now to you, and I am standing in the spirit at your elbow.
It was a strange figure like a child; yet not so like a child as like an old man, viewed through some
supernatural medium, which gave him the appearance of having receded from the view, and being diminished
to a childs proportions. Its hair, which hung about its neck and down its back, was white, as if with age; and
yet the face had not a wrinkle in it, and the tenderest bloom was on the skin. The arms were very long
and muscular; the hands the same, as if its hold were of uncommon strength. Its legs and feet, most
delicately formed, were, like those upper members, bare. It wore a tunic of the purest white; and round
its waist was bound a lustrous belt, the sheen of which was beautiful. It held a branch of fresh green
holly in its hand; and, in singular contradiction of that wintry emblem, had its dress trimmed with summer
flowers. But the strangest thing about it was, that from the crown of its head there sprang a bright clear
jet of light, by which all this was visible; and which was doubtless the occasion of its using, in its duller
moments, a great extinguisher for a cap, which it now held under its arm.
Even this, though, when Scrooge looked at it with increasing steadiness, was not its strangest quality.
For, as its belt sparkled and glittered, now in one part and now in another, and what was light one instant
at another time was dark, so the figure itself fluctuated in its distinctness; being now a thing with one
arm, now with one leg, now with twenty legs, now a pair of legs without a head, now a head without a
body: of which dissolving parts no outline would be visible in the dense gloom wherein they melted away.
And, in the very wonder of this, it would be itself again; distinct and clear as ever.
Are you the Spirit, sir, whose coming was foretold to me? asked Scrooge.
The voice was soft and gentle. Singularly low, as if, instead of being so close behind him, it were at a
Who and what are you? Scrooge demanded.
I am the Ghost of Christmas Past.
Long Past? enquired Scrooge, observant of its dwarfish stature.
No. Your past.
Perhaps Scrooge could not have told anybody why, if anybody could have asked him; but he had a special
desire to see the Spirit in his cap, and begged him to be covered.
What! exclaimed the Ghost, would you so soon put out, with worldly hands, the light I give? Is it not
enough that you are one of those whose passions made this cap, and force me through whole trains of
years to wear it low upon my brow?
Scrooge reverently disclaimed all intention to offend or any knowledge of having wilfully bonneted the
Spirit at any period of his life. He then made bold to enquire what business brought him there.
Your welfare! said the Ghost.
Scrooge expressed himself much obliged, but could not help thinking that a night of unbroken rest would
have been more conducive to that end. The Spirit must have heard him thinking, for it said immediately
Your reclamation, then. Take heed!
It put out its strong hand as it spoke, and clasped him gently by the arm.
Rise! and walk with me!
It would have been in vain for Scrooge to plead that the weather and the hour were not adapted to pedestrian
purposes; that bed was warm, and the thermometer a long way below freezing; that he was clad but lightly
in his slippers, dressing-gown, and nightcap; and that he had a cold upon him at that time. The grasp,
though gentle as a womans hand, was not to be resisted. He rose; but, finding that the Spirit made
towards the window, clasped its robe in supplication.
I am a mortal, Scrooge remonstrated, and liable to fall.
Bear but a touch of my hand there, said the Spirit, laying it upon his heart, and you shall be upheld in
more than this!
As the words were spoken, they passed through the wall, and stood upon an open country road, with
fields on either hand. The city had entirely vanished. Not a vestige of it was to be seen. The darkness
and the mist had vanished with it, for it was a clear, cold, winter day, with snow upon the ground.
Good Heaven! said Scrooge, clasping his hands together, as he looked about him. I was bred in this
place. I was a boy here!
The Spirit gazed upon him mildly. Its gentle touch, though it had been light and instantaneous, appeared
still present to the old mans sense of feeling. He was conscious of a thousand odours floating in the air,
each one connected with a thousand thoughts, and hopes, and joys, and cares long, long forgotten!
Your lip is trembling, said the Ghost. And what is that upon your cheek?
Scrooge muttered, with an unusual catching in his voice, that it was a pimple; and begged the Ghost to
lead him where he would.
You recollect the way? enquired the Spirit.
Remember it! cried Scrooge with fervour; I could walk it blindfold.
Strange to have forgotten it for so many years! observed the Ghost. Let us go on.
They walked along the road, Scrooge recognising every gate, and post, and tree, until a little market-
town appeared in the distance, with its bridge, its church, and winding river. Some shaggy ponies now
were seen trotting towards them with boys upon their backs, who called to other boys in country gigs
and carts, driven by farmers. All these boys were in great spirits, and shouted to each other, until the
broad fields were so full of merry music, that the crisp air laughed to hear it.
These are but shadows of the things that have been, said the Ghost. They have no consciousness of
The jocund travellers came on; and as they came, Scrooge knew and named them everyone. Why was
he rejoiced beyond all bounds to see them? Why did his cold eye glisten, and his heart leap up as they
went past? Why was he filled with gladness when he heard them give each other Merry Christmas, as
they parted at crossroads and byways for their several homes? What was merry Christmas to Scrooge?
Out upon merry Christmas! What good had it ever done to him?
The school is not quite deserted, said the Ghost. A solitary child, neglected by his friends, is left there
Scrooge said he knew it. And he sobbed.
They left the highroad by a well-remembered lane and soon approached a mansion of dull red brick,
with a little weathercock surmounted cupola on the roof, and a bell hanging in it. It was a large house,
but one of broken fortunes; for the spacious offices were little used, their walls were damp and mossy,
their windows broken, and their gates decayed. Fowls clucked and strutted in the stables; and the coach-
houses and sheds were overrun with grass. Nor was it more retentive of its ancient state within; for,
entering the dreary hall, and glancing through the open doors of many rooms, they found them poorly
furnished, cold, and vast. There was an earthy savour in the air, a chilly bareness in the place, which
associated itself somehow with too much getting up by candle light and not too much to eat.
They went, the Ghost and Scrooge, across the hall, to a door at the back of the house. It opened before
them, and disclosed a long, bare, melancholy room, made barer still by lines of plain deal forms and
desks. At one of these a lonely boy was reading near a feeble fire; and Scrooge sat down upon a form,
and wept to see his poor forgotten self as he had used to be.
Not a latent echo in the house, not a squeak and scuffle from the mice behind the panelling, not a drip
from the half-thawed waterspout in the dull yard behind, not a sigh among the leafless boughs of one
despondent poplar, not the idle swinging of an empty storehouse door, no, not a clicking in the fire, but
fell upon the heart of Scrooge with softening influence, and gave a freer passage to his tears.
The Spirit touched him on the arm, and pointed to his younger self, intent upon his reading. Suddenly a
man in foreign garments, wonderfully real and distinct to look at, stood outside the window, with an axe
stuck in his belt, and leading by the bridle an ass laden with wood.
Why, its Ali Baba! Scrooge exclaimed in ecstasy. Its dear old honest Ali Baba! Yes, yes, I know. One
Christmastime, when yonder solitary child was left here all alone, he did come, for the first time, just
like that. Poor boy! And Valentine, said Scrooge, and his wild brother, Orson; there they go! And whats
his name, who was put down in his drawers, asleep, at the gate of Damascus; dont you see him? And
the Sultans Groom turned upside down by the Genii; there he is upon his head! Serve him right! Im
glad of it. What business had he to be married to the Princess?
To hear Scrooge expending all the earnestness of his nature on such subjects, in a most extraordinary
voice between laughing and crying; and to see his heightened and excited face; would have been a surprise
to his business friends in the City, indeed.
Theres the Parrot! cried Scrooge. Green body and yellow tail, with a thing like a lettuce growing out
of the top of his head; there he is! Poor Robin Crusoe he called him, when he came home again after
sailing round the island. Poor Robin Crusoe, where have you been, Robin Crusoe? The man thought
he was dreaming, but he wasnt. It was the Parrot, you know. There goes Friday, running for his life to
the little creek! Halloa! Hoop! Halloo!
Then, with a rapidity of transition very foreign to his usual character, he said, in pity for his former self,
Poor boy! and cried again.
I wish, Scrooge muttered, putting his hand in his pocket, and looking about him, after drying his eyes
with his cuff; but its too late now.
What is the matter? asked the Spirit.
Nothing, said Scrooge. Nothing. There was a boy singing a Christmas carol at my door last night. I
should like to have given him something: thats all.
The Ghost smiled thoughtfully, and waved its hand, saying as it did so, Let us see another Christmas!
Scrooges former self grew larger at the words, and the room became a little darker and more dirty. The
panels shrunk, the windows cracked; fragments of plaster fell out of the ceiling, and the naked laths were shown instead; but how all this was brought about Scrooge knew no more than you do. He only knew
that it was quite correct; that everything had happened so; that there he was, alone again, when all the
other boys had gone home for the jolly holidays.
He was not reading now, but walking up and down despairingly. Scrooge looked at the Ghost, and, with
a mournful shaking of his head, glanced anxiously towards the door.
It opened; and a little girl, much younger than the boy, came darting in, and, putting her arms about his
neck, and often kissing him, addressed him as her dear, dear brother.
I have come to bring you home, dear brother! said the child, clapping her tiny hands, and bending
down to laugh. To bring you home, home, home!
Home, little Fan? returned the boy.
Yes! said the child, brimful of glee. Home for good and all. Home for ever and ever. Father is so much
kinder than he used to be, that homes like heaven! He spoke so gently to me one dear night when I
was going to bed, that I was not afraid to ask him once more if you might come home; and he said Yes,
you should; and sent me in a coach to bring you. And youre to be a man! said the child, opening her
eyes; and are never to come back here; but first were to be together all the Christmas long, and have
the merriest time in all the world.
You are quite a woman, little Fan! exclaimed the boy.
She clapped her hands and laughed, and tried to touch his head; but, being too little laughed again, and
stood on tiptoe to embrace him. Then she began to drag him, in her childish eagerness, towards the
door; and he, nothing loath to go, accompanied her.
A terrible voice in the hall cried, Bring down Master Scrooges box, there! and in the hall appeared the
schoolmaster himself, who glared on Master Scrooge with a ferocious condescension, and threw him
into a dreadful state of mind by shaking hands with him. He then conveyed him and his sister into the
veriest old well of a shivering best parlour that ever was seen, where the maps upon the wall, and the
celestial and terrestrial globes in the windows, were waxy with cold. Here he produced a decanter of
curiously light wine, and a block of curiously heavy cake, and administered instalments of those dainties
to the young people; at the same time sending out a meagre servant to offer a glass of something to
the postboy, who answered that he thanked the gentleman, but, if it was the same tap as he had tasted
before, he had rather not. Master Scrooges trunk being by this time tied on to the top of the chaise, the
children bade the schoolmaster goodbye right willingly; and, getting into it, drove gaily down the garden
sweep; the quick wheels dashing the hoarfrost and snow from off the dark leaves of the evergreens like
Always a delicate creature, whom a breath might have withered, said the Ghost. But she had a large
So she had, cried Scrooge. Youre right. I will not gainsay it, Spirit. God forbid!
She died a woman, said the Ghost, and had, as I think, children.
One child, Scrooge returned.
True, said the Ghost. Your nephew!
Scrooge seemed uneasy in his mind, and answered briefly, Yes.
Although they had but that moment left the school behind them, they were now in the busy thoroughfares
of a city, where shadowy passengers passed and repassed; where shadowy carts and coaches battled for the way, and all the strife and tumult of a real city were. It was made plain enough, by the dressing
of the shops, that here, too, it was Christmastime again; but it was evening, and the streets were lighted
The Ghost stopped at a certain warehouse door, and asked Scrooge if he knew it.
Know it! said Scrooge. Was I apprenticed here?
They went in. At sight of an old gentleman in a Welsh wig, sitting behind such a high desk, that if he
had been two inches taller, he must have knocked his head against the ceiling, Scrooge cried in great
Why, its old Fezziwig! Bless his heart, its Fezziwig alive again!
Old Fezziwig laid down his pen, and looked up at the clock, which pointed to the hour of seven. He
rubbed his hands; adjusted his capacious waistcoat; laughed all over himself, from his shoes to his organ
of benevolence; and called out, in a comfortable, oily, rich, fat, jovial voice
Yo ho, there! Ebenezer! Dick!
Scrooges former self, now grown a young man, came briskly in, accompanied by his fellow-prentice.
Dick Wilkins, to be sure! said Scrooge to the Ghost. Bless me, yes. There he is. He was very much
attached to me, was Dick. Poor Dick! Dear, dear!
Yo ho, my boys! said Fezziwig. No more work tonight. Christmas Eve, Dick. Christmas, Ebenezer!
Lets have the shutters up, cried old Fezziwig, with a sharp clap of his hands, before a man can say
You wouldnt believe how those two fellows went at it! They charged into the street with the shutters
one, two, three had em up in their places four, five, six barred em and pinned em seven,
eight, nine and came back before you could have got to twelve, panting like racehorses.
Hilli-ho! cried old Fezziwing, skipping down from the high desk with wonderful agility. Clear away, my
lads, and lets have lots of room here! Hilli-ho, Dick! Chirrup, Ebenezer!
Clear away! There was nothing they wouldnt have cleared away, or couldnt have cleared away, with old
Fezziwig looking on. It was done in a minute. Every movable was packed off, as if it were dismissed
from public life for evermore; the floor was swept and watered, the lamps were trimmed, fuel was heaped
upon the fire; and the warehouse was as sung, and warm, and dry, and bright a ballroom as you would
desire to see upon a winters night.
In came a fiddler with a music-book, and went up to the lofty desk, and made an orchestra of it, and
tuned like fifty stomachaches. In came Mrs Fezziwig, one vast substantial smile. In came the three Miss
Fezziwigs, beaming and lovable. In came the six young followers whose hearts they broke. In came
all the young men and women employed in the business. In came the housemaid, with her cousin the
baker. In came the cook with her brothers particular friend the milkman. In came the boy from over
the way, who was suspected of not having board enough from his master; trying to hide himself behind
the girl from next door but one, who was proved to have had her ears pulled by her mistress. In they
all came, one after another; some shyly, some boldly, some gracefully, some awkwardly, some pushing,
some pulling; in they all came, anyhow and every how. Away they all went, twenty couple at once; hands
half round and back again the other way; down the middle and up again; round and round in various stages
of affectionate grouping; old top couple always turning up in the wrong place; new top couple starting off
again as soon as they got there; all top couples at last, and not a bottom one to help them! When this
result was brought about, old Fezziwig, clapping his hands to stop the dance, cried out, Well done! and the fiddler plunged his hot face into a pot of porter, especially provided for that purpose. But, scorning
rest upon his reappearance, he instantly began again, though there were no dancers yet, as if the other
fiddler had been carried home, exhausted, on a shutter, and he were a bran-new man resolved to beat
him out of sight, or perish.
There were more dances, and there were forfeits, and more dances, and there was cake, and there
was negus, and there was a great piece of Cold Roast, and there was a great piece of Cold Boiled, and
there were mincepies, and plenty of beer. But the great effect of the evening came after the Roast and
Boiled, when the fiddler (an artful dog, mind! The sort of man who knew his business better than you or
I could have told it him!) struck up Sir Roger de Coverley. Then old Fezziwig stood out to dance with
Mrs Fezziwig. Top couple, too; with a good stiff piece of work cut out for them; three or four and twenty
pair of partners; people who were not to be trifled with; people who would dance, and had no notion of
But if they had been twice as many ah! four times old Fezziwig would have been a match for
them, and so would Mrs Fezziwig. As to her, she was worthy to be his partner in every sense of the
term. If thats not high praise, tell me higher, and Ill use it. A positive light appeared to issue from Fezziwigs
calves. They shone in every part of the dance like moons. You couldnt have predicted, at any given
time, what would become of them next. And when old Fezziwig and Mrs Fezziwig had gone all through
the dance; advance and retire, both hands to your partner, bow and curtsy, corkscrew, thread-the-needle,
and back again to your place: Fezziwig cut cut so deftly, that he appeared to wink with his legs, and
came upon his feet again without a stagger.
When the clock struck eleven, this domestic ball broke up. Mr and Mrs Fezziwig took their stations, one
on either side the door, and, shaking hands with every person individually as he or she went out, wished
him or her a Merry Christmas. When everybody had retired but the two prentices, they did the same
to them; and thus the cheerful voices died away, and the lads were left to their beds; which were under a
counter in the back-shop.
During the whole of this time Scrooge had acted like a man out of his wits. His heart and soul were
in the scene, and with his former self. He corroborated everything, remembered everything, enjoyed
everything, and underwent the strangest agitation. It was not until now, when the bright faces of his
former self and Dick were turned from them, that he remembered the Ghost, and became conscious
that it was looking full upon him, while the light upon its head burnt very clear.
A small matter, said the Ghost, to make these silly folks so full of gratitude.
Small! echoed Scrooge.
The Spirit signed to him to listen to the two apprentices, who were pouring out their hearts in praise of
Fezziwig; and when he had done so, said:
Why! Is it not? He has spent but a few pounds of your mortal money: three or four, perhaps. Is that so
much that he deserves this praise?
It isnt that, said Scrooge, heated by the remark, and speaking unconsciously like his former, not his
latter self. It isnt that, Spirit. He has the power to render us happy or unhappy; to make our service light
or burdensome; a pleasure or a toil. Say that his power lies in words and looks; in things so slight and
insignificant that it is impossible to add and count em up: what then? The happiness he gives is quite as
great as if it cost a fortune.
He felt the Spirits glance, and stopped.
What is the matter? asked the Ghost.
Nothing particular, said Scrooge.
Something, I think? the Ghost insisted.
No, said Scrooge, no. I should like to be able to say a word or two to my clerk just now. Thats all.
His former self turned down the lamps as he gave utterance to the wish; and Scrooge and the Ghost
again stood side by side in the open air.
My time grows short, observed the Spirit. Quick!
This was not addressed to Scrooge, or to anyone whom he could see, but it produced an immediate
effect. For again Scrooge saw himself. He was older now; a man in the prime of life. His face had not
the harsh and rigid lines of later years; but it had begun to wear the signs of care and avarice. There
was an eager, greedy, restless motion in the eye, which showed the passion that had taken root, and
where the shadow of the growing tree would fall.
He was not alone, but sat by the side of a fair young girl in a mourning dress: in whose eyes there were
tears, which sparkled in the light that shone out of the Ghost of Christmas Past.
It matters little, she said softly. To you, very little. Another idol has displaced me; and, if it can cheer
and comfort you in time to come as I would have tried to do, I have no just cause to grieve.
What Idol has displaced you? he rejoined.
A golden one.
This is the evenhanded dealing of the world! he said. There is nothing on which it is so hard as poverty; and
there is nothing it professes to condemn with such severity as the pursuit of wealth!
You fear the world too much, she answered gently. All your other hopes have merged into the hope of
being beyond the chance of its sordid reproach. I have seen your nobler aspirations fall off one by one,
until the master passion, Gain, engrosses you. Have I not?
What then? he retorted. Even if I have grown so much wiser, what then? I am not changed towards
She shook her head.
Our contract is an old one. It was made when we were both poor, and content to be so, until, in good
season, we could improve our worldly fortune by our patient industry. You are changed. When it was
made you were another man.
I was a boy, he said impatiently.
Your own feeling tells you that you were not what you are, she returned. I am. That which promised
happiness when we were one in heart is fraught with misery now that we are two. How often and how
keenly I have thought of this I will not say. It is enough that I have thought of it, and can release you.
Have I ever sought release?
In words. No. Never.
In what, then?
In a changed nature; in an altered spirit; in another atmosphere of life; another Hope as its great end. In
everything that made my love of any worth or value in your sight. If this had never been between us,
said the girl, looking mildly, but with steadiness, upon him; tell me, would you seek me out and try to win
me now? Ah, no!
He seemed to yield to the justice of this supposition in spite of himself. But he said, with a struggle, You
I would gladly think otherwise if I could, she answered. Heaven knows! When I have learned a Truth
like this, I know how strong and irresistible it must be. But if you were free today, tomorrow, yesterday,
can even I believe that you would choose a dowerless girl you who, in your very confidence with her,
weigh everything by Gain: or, choosing her, if for a moment you were false enough to your one guiding
principle to do so, do I not know that your repentance and regret would surely follow? I do; and I release
you. With a full heart, for the love of him you once were.
He was about to speak; but, with her head turned from him, she resumed:
You may the memory of what is past half makes me hope you will have pain in this. A very, very
brief time, and you will dismiss the recollection of it gladly, as an unprofitable dream, from which it happened
well that you awoke. May you be happy in the life you have chosen!
She left him, and they parted.
Spirit! said Scrooge, show me no more! Conduct me home. Why do you delight to torture me?
One shadow more! exclaimed the Ghost.
No more! cried Scrooge. No more! I dont wish to see it. Show me no more!
But the relentless Ghost pinioned him in both his arms, and forced him to observe what happened next.
They were in another scene and place; a room, not very large or handsome, but full of comfort. Near
to the winter fire sat a beautiful young girl, so like that last that Scrooge believed it was the same, until
he saw her, now a comely matron, sitting opposite her daughter. The noise in this room was perfectly
tumultuous, for there were more children there than Scrooge in his agitated state of mind could count; and,
unlike the celebrated herd in the poem, they were not forty children conducting themselves like one,
but every child was conducting itself like forty. The consequences were uproarious beyond belief; but
no one seemed to care; on the contrary, the mother and daughter laughed heartily, and enjoyed it very
much; and the latter, soon beginning to mingle in the sports, got pillaged by the young brigands most
ruthlessly. What would I not have given to be one of them! Though I never could have been so rude, no,
no! I wouldnt for the wealth of all the world have crushed that braided hair, and torn it down; and for the
precious little shoe, I wouldnt have plucked it off, God bless my soul! to save my life. As to measuring
her waist in sport, as they did, bold young brood, I couldnt have done it; I should have expected my arm
to have grown round it for a punishment, and never come straight again. And yet I should have dearly
liked, I own, to have touched her lips; to have questioned her, that she might have opened them; to have
looked upon the lashes of her downcast eyes, and never raised a blush; to have let loose waves of hair,
an inch of which would be a keepsake beyond price: in short, I should have liked, I do confess, to have
had the lightest licence of a child, and yet to have been man enough to know its value.
But now a knocking at the door was heard, and such a rush immediately ensued that she, with laughing
face and plundered dress, was borne towards it the centre of a flushed and boisterous group, just in
time to greet the father, who came home attended by a man laden with Christmas toys and presents.
Then the shouting and the struggling, and the onslaught that was made on the defenceless porter! The
scaling him, with chairs for ladders, to dive into his pockets, despoil him of brown-paper parcels, hold on
tight by his cravat, hug him round his neck, pummel his back, and kick his legs in irrepressible affection! The shouts of wonder and delight with which the development of every package was received! The
terrible announcement that the baby had been taken in the act of putting a dolls frying pan into his mouth,
and was more than suspected of having swallowed a fictitious turkey, glued on a wooden platter! The
immense relief of finding this a false alarm! The joy, and gratitude, and ecstasy! They are all indescribable
alike. It is enough that, by degrees, the children and their emotions got out of the parlour, and, by one
stair at a time, up to the top of the house, where they went to bed, and so subsided.
And now Scrooge looked on more attentively than ever, when the master of the house, having his daughter
leaning fondly on him, sat down with her and her mother at his own fireside; and when he thought that
such another creature, quite as graceful and as full of promise, might have called him father, and been a
springtime in the haggard winter of his life, his sight grew very dim indeed.
Belle, said the husband, turning to his wife with a smile, I saw an old friend of yours this afternoon.
Who was it?
How can I? Tut, dont I know? she added in the same breath, laughing as he laughed. Mr Scrooge.
Mr Scrooge it was. I passed his office window; and as it was not shut up, and he had a candle inside, I
could scarcely help seeing him. His partner lies upon the point of death, I hear; and there he sat alone.
Quite alone in the world, I do believe.
Spirit! said Scrooge in a broken voice, remove me from this place.
I told you these were shadows of the things that have been, said the Ghost. That they are what they
are do not blame me!
Remove me! Scrooge exclaimed, I cannot bear it!
He turned upon the Ghost, and seeing that it looked upon him with a face, in which in some strange
way there were fragments of all the faces it had shown him, wrestled with it.
Leave me! Take me back. Haunt me no longer!
In the struggle, if that can be called a struggle in which the Ghost with no visible resistance on its own
part was undisturbed by any effort of its adversary, Scrooge observed that its light was burning high and
bright; and dimly connecting that with its influence over him, he seized the extinguisher-cap, and by a
sudden action pressed it down upon its head.
The Spirit dropped beneath it, so that the extinguisher covered its whole form; but though Scrooge pressed
it down with all his force, he could not hide the light, which streamed from under it, in an unbroken flood
upon the ground.
He was conscious of being exhausted, and overcome by an irresistible drowsiness; and, further, of being
in his own bedroom. He gave the cap a parting squeeze, in which his hand relaxed; and had barely time
to reel to bed, before he sank into a heavy sleep.
The Second of the Three Spirits
Awaking in the middle of a prodigiously tough snore, and sitting up in bed to get his thoughts together,
Scrooge had no occasion to be told that the bell was again upon the stroke of One. He felt that he was
restored to consciousness in the right nick of time, for the especial purpose of holding a conference
with the second messenger despatched to him through Jacob Marleys intervention. But finding that
he turned uncomfortably cold when he began to wonder which of his curtains this new spectre would
draw back, he put them every one aside with his own hands, and, lying down again, established a sharp
lookout all round the bed. For he wished to challenge the Spirit on the moment of its appearance, and
did not wish to be taken by surprise and made nervous.
Gentlemen of the free-and-easy sort, who plume themselves on being acquainted with a move or two,
and being usually equal to the time of day, express the wide range of their capacity for adventure by
observing that they are good for anything from pitch-and-toss to manslaughter; between which opposite
extremes, no doubt, there lies a tolerably wide and comprehensive range of subjects. Without venturing
for Scrooge quite as hardily as this, I dont mind calling on you to believe that he was ready for a good
broad field of strange appearances, and that nothing between a bady and a rhinoceros would have astonished
him very much.
Now, being prepared for almost anything, he was not by any means prepared for nothing; and consequently,
when the bell struck One, and no shape appeared, he was taken with a violent fit of trembling. Five
minutes, ten minutes, a quarter of an hour went by, yet nothing came. All this time he lay upon his bed,
the very core and centre of a blaze of ruddy light, which streamed upon it when the clock proclaimed
the hour; and which, being only light, was more alarming than a dozen ghosts, as he was powerless to
make out what it meant, or would be at; and was sometimes apprehensive that he might be at that very
moment an interesting case of spontaneous combustion, without having the consolation of knowing it. At
last, however, he began to think as you or I would have thought at first; for it is always the person not
in the predicament who knows what ought to have been done in it, and would unquestionably have done
it too at last, I say, he began to think that the source and secret of this ghostly light might be in the
adjoining room, from whence, on further tracing it, it seemed to shine. This idea taking full possession
of his mind, he got up softly, and shuffled in his slippers to the door.
The moment Scrooges hand was on the lock a strange voice called him by his name, and bade him
enter. He obeyed.
It was his own room. There was no doubt about that. But it had undergone a surprising transformation.
The walls and ceiling were so hung with living green, that it looked a perfect grove; from every part of
which bright gleaming berries glistened. The crisp leaves of holly, mistletoe, and ivy reflected back the
light, as if so many little mirrors had been scattered there; and such a mighty blaze went roaring up the
chimney as that dull petrification of a hearth had never known in Scrooges time, or Marleys, or for many
and many a winter season gone. Heaped up on the floor, to form a kind of throne, were turkeys, geese,
game, poultry, brawn, great joints of meat, sucking-pigs, long wreaths of sausages, mince-pies, plum-
puddings, barrels of oysters, red-hot chestnuts, cherry-cheeked apples, juicy oranges, luscious pears,
immense twelfth-cakes, and seething bowls of punch, that made the chamber dim with their delicious
steam. In easy state upon this couch there sat a jolly Giant, glorious to see; who bore a glowing torch, in
shape not unlike Plentys horn, and held it up, high up, to shed its light on Scrooge as he came peeping
round the door.
Come in! exclaimed the Ghost. Come in! and know me better, man!
Scrooge entered timidly, and hung his head before this Spirit. He was not the dogged Scrooge he had
been; and though the Spirits eyes were clear and kind, he did not like to meet them.
I am the Ghost of Christmas Present, said the Spirit. Look upon me!
Scrooge reverently did so. It was clothed in one simple deep green robe, or mantle, bordered with white
fur. This garment hung so loosely on the figure, that its capacious breast was bare, as if disdaining to be warded or concealed by any artifice. Its feet, observable beneath the ample folds of the garment,
were also bare; and on its head it wore no other covering than a holly wreath, set here and there with
shining icicles. Its dark-brown curls were long and free; free as its genial face, its sparkling eye, its open
hand, its cheery voice, its unconstrained demeanour, and its joyful air. Girded round its middle was an
antique scabbard; but no sword was in it, and the ancient sheath was eaten up with rust.
You have never seen the like of me before! exclaimed the Spirit.
Never, Scrooge made answer to it.
Have never walked forth with the younger members of my family; meaning (for I am very young) my
elder brothers born in these later years? pursued the Phantom.
I dont think I have, said Scrooge. I am afraid I have not. Have you had many brothers, Spirit?
More than eighteen hundred, said the Ghost.
A tremendous family to provide for, muttered Scrooge.
The Ghost of Christmas Present rose.
Spirit, said Scrooge submissively, conduct me where you will. I went forth last night on compulsion,
and I learned a lesson which is working now. Tonight if you have aught to teach me, let me profit by it.
Touch my robe!
Scrooge did as he was told, and held it fast.
Holly, mistletoe, red berries, ivy, turkeys, geese, game, poultry, brawn, meat, pigs, sausages, oysters,
pies, puddings, fruit, and punch, all vanished instantly. So did the room, the fire, the ruddy glow, the
hour of night, and they stood in the city streets on Christmas morning, where (for the weather was severe)
the people made a rough, but brisk and not unpleasant kind of music, in scraping the snow from the
pavement in front of their dwellings, and from the tops of their houses, whence it was mad delight to the
boys to see it come plumping down into the road below, and splitting into artificial little snowstorms.
The house-fronts looked black enough, and the windows blacker, contrasting with the smooth white sheet
of snow upon the roofs, and with the dirtier snow upon the ground; which last deposit had been ploughed
up in deep furrows by the heavy wheels of carts and wagons: furrows that crossed and recrossed each
other hundreds of times where the great streets branched off; and made intricate channels, hard to trace
in the thick yellow mud and icy water. The sky was gloomy, and the shortest streets were choked up
with a dingy mist, half thawed, half frozen, whose heavier particles descended in a shower of sooty
atoms, as if all the chimneys in Great Britain had, by one consent, caught fire, and were blazing away
to their dear hearts content. There was nothing very cheerful in the climate or the town, and yet was
there an air of cheerfulness abroad that the clearest summer air and brightest summer sun might have
endeavoured to diffuse in vain.
For the people who were shovelling away on the house-tops were jovial and full of glee; calling out to
one another from the parapets, and now and then exchanging a facetious snowball better-natured
missile far than many a wordy jest laughing heartily if it went right, and not less heartily if it went
The poulterers shops were still half open, and the fruiterers were radiant in their glory. There were
great, round, potbellied baskets of chestnuts, shaped like the waistcoats of jolly old gentlemen, lolling at
the doors, and tumbling out into the street in their apoplectic opulence. There were ruddy, brown-faced,
broad-girthed Spanish onions, shining in the fatness of their growth like Spanish friars, and winking from
their shelves in wanton slyness at the girls as they went by, and glanced demurely at the hung-up mistletoe. There were pears and apples clustered high in blooming pyramids; there were bunches of grapes, made,
in the shopkeepers benevolence, to dangle from conspicuous hooks that peoples mouths might water
gratis as they passed; there were piles of filberts, mossy and brown, recalling, in their fragrance, ancient
walks among the woods, and pleasant shufflings ankle deep through withered leaves; there were Norfolk
Biffins, squab and swarthy, setting off the yellow of the oranges and lemons, and, in the great compactness
of their juicy persons, urgently entreating and beseeching to be carried home in paper bags and eaten
after dinner. The very gold and silver fish, set forth among these choice fruits in a bowl, though members
of a dull and stagnant-blooded race, appeared to know that there was something going on; and, to a fish,
went gasping round and round their little world in slow and passionless excitement.
The Grocers! oh, the Grocers! nearly closed, with perhaps two shutters down, or one; but through those
gaps such glimpses! It was not alone that the scales descending on the counter made a merry sound,
or that the twine and roller parted company so briskly, or that the canisters were rattled up and down
like juggling tricks, or even that the blended scents of tea and coffee were so grateful to the nose, or
even that the raisins were so plentiful and rare, the almonds so extremely white, the sticks of cinnamon
so long and straight, the other spices so delicious, the candied fruits so caked and spotted with molten
sugar as to make the coldest lookers-on feel faint, and subsequently bilious. Nor was it that the figs
were moist and pulpy, or that the French plums blushed in modest tartness from their highly-decorated
boxes, or that everything was good to eat and in its Christmas dress; but the customers were all so hurried
and so eager in the hopeful promise of the day, that they tumbled up against each other at the door,
crashing their wicker baskets wildly, and left their purchases upon the counter, and came running back
to fetch them, and committed hundreds of the like mistakes, in the best humour possible; while the grocer
and his people were so frank and fresh, that the polished hearts with which they fastened their aprons
behind might have been their own, worn outside for general inspection, and for Christmas daws to peck
at if they chose.
But soon the steeples called good people all to church and chapel, and away they came, flocking through
the streets in their best clothes and with their gayest faces. And at the same time there emerged, from
scores of by-streets, lanes, and nameless turnings, innumerable people, carrying their dinners to the
bakers shops. The sight of these poor revellers appeared to interest the Spirit very much, for he stood
with Scrooge beside him in a bakers doorway, and, taking off the covers as their bearers passed, sprinkled
incense on their dinners from his torch. And it was a very uncommon kind of torch, for once or twice,
when there were angry words between some dinner-carriers who had jostled each other, he shed a
few drops of water on them from it, and their good-humour was restored directly. For they said, it was
a shame to quarrel upon Christmas Day. And so it was! God love it, so it was!
In time the bells ceased, and the bakers were shut up; and yet there was a genial shadowing forth of all
these dinners, and the progress of their cooking, in the thawed blotch of wet above each bakers oven,
where the pavement smoked as if its stones were cooking too.
Is there a peculiar flavour in what you sprinkle from your torch? asked Scrooge.
There is. My own.
Would it apply to any kind of dinner on this day? asked Scrooge.
To any kindly given. To a poor one most.
Why to a poor one most? asked Scrooge.
Because it needs it most.
Spirit! said Scrooge, after a moments thought, I wonder you, of all the beings in the many worlds
about us, should desire to cramp these peoples opportunities of innocent enjoyment.
I! cried the Spirit.
You would deprive them of their means of dining every seventh day, often the only day on which they
can be said to dine at all, said Scrooge; wouldnt you?
I! cried the Spirit.
You seek to close these places on the Seventh Day, said Scrooge. And it comes to the same thing.
I seek! exclaimed the Spirit.
Forgive me if I am wrong. It has been done in your name, or at least in that of your family, said Scrooge.
There are some upon this earth of yours, returned the Spirit, who lay claim to know us, and who do
their deeds of passion, pride, ill-will, hatred, envy, bigotry, and selfishness in our name, who are as strange
to us, and all our kith and kin, as if they had never lived. Remember that, and charge their doings on
themselves, not us.
Scrooge promised that he would; and they went on, invisible, as they had been before, into the suburbs
of the town. It was a remarkable quality of the Ghost (which Scrooge had observed at the bakers), that
notwithstanding his gigantic size, he could accommodate himself to any place with ease; and that he
stood beneath a low roof quite as gracefully and like a supernatural creature as it was possible he could
have done in any lofty hall.
And perhaps it was the pleasure the good Spirit had in showing off this power of his, or else it was his
own kind, generous, hearty nature, and his sympathy with all poor men, that led him straight to Scrooges
clerks; for there he went, and took Scrooge with him, holding to his robe; and on the threshold of the
door the Spirit smiled, and stopped to bless Bob Cratchits dwelling with the sprinklings of his torch.
Think of that! Bob had but fifteen Bob a week himself; he pocketed on Saturdays but fifteen copies of
his Christian name; and yet the Ghost of Christmas Present blessed his four-roomed house!
Then up rose Mrs Cratchit, Cratchits wife, dressed out but poorly in a twice-turned gown, but brave in
ribbons, which are cheap, and make a goodly show for sixpence; and she laid the cloth, assisted by
Belinda Cratchit, second of her daughters, also brave in ribbons; while Master Peter Cratchit plunged a
fork into the saucepan of potatoes, and getting the corners of his monstrous shirt-collar (Bobs private
property, conferred upon his son and heir in honour of the day), into his mouth, rejoiced to find himself
so gallantly attired, and yearned to show his linen in the fashionable Parks. And now two smaller Cratchits,
boy and girl, came tearing in, screaming that outside the bakers they had smelt the goose, and known it
for their own; and basking in luxurious thoughts of sage and onion, these young Cratchits danced about
the table, and exalted Master Peter Cratchit to the skies, while he (not proud, although his collars nearly
choked him) blew the fire, until the slow potatoes, bubbling up, knocked loudly at the saucepan-lid to be
let out and peeled.
What has ever got your precious father, then? said Mrs Cratchit. And your brother, Tiny Tim? And
Martha warnt as late last Christmas Day by half an hour!
Heres Martha, mother! said a girl, appearing as she spoke.
Heres Martha, mother! cried the two young Cratchits. Hurrah! Theres such a goose, Martha!
Why, bless your heart alive, my dear, how late you are! said Mrs Cratchit, kissing her a dozen times,
and taking off her shawl and bonnet for her with officious zeal.
Wed a deal of work to finish up last night, replied the girl, and had to clear away this morning, mother!
Well! never mind so long as you are come, said Mrs Cratchit. Sit ye down before the fire, my dear,
and have a warm, Lord bless ye!
No, no! Theres father coming, cried the two young Cratchits, who were everywhere at once. Hide,
So Martha hid herself, and in came little Bob, the father, with at least three feet of comforter, exclusive
of the fringe, hanging down before him, and his threadbare clothes darned up and brushed to look seasonable,
and Tiny Tim upon his shoulder. Alas for Tiny Tim, he bore a little crutch, and had his limbs supported
by an iron frame!
Why, wheres our Martha? cried Bob Cratchit, looking round.
Not coming, said Mrs Cratchit.
Not coming! said Bob, with a sudden declension in his high spirits; for he had been Tims blood-horse
all the way from church, and had come home rampant. Not coming upon Christmas Day!
Martha didnt like to see him disappointed, if it were only in joke; so she came out prematurely from behind
the closet door, and ran into his arms, while the two young Cratchits hustled Tiny Tim, and bore him off
into the wash-house, that he might hear the pudding singing in the copper.
And how did little Tim behave? asked Mrs Cratchit when she had rallied Bob on his credulity, and Bob
had hugged his daughter to his hearts content.
As good as gold, said Bob, and better. Somehow, he gets thoughtful, sitting by himself so much, and
thinks the strangest things you ever heard. He told me, coming home, that he hoped the people saw
him in the church, because he was a cripple, and it might be pleasant to them to remember upon Christmas
Day who made lame beggars walk and blind men see.
Bobs voice was tremulous when he told them this, and trembled more when he said that Tiny Tim was
growing strong and hearty.
His active little crutch was heard upon the floor, and back came Tiny Tim before another word was spoken,
escorted by his brother and sister to his stool beside the fire; and while Bob, turning up his cuffs as
if, poor fellow, they were capable of being made more shabby compounded some hot mixture in a
jug with gin and lemons, and stirred it round and round, and put it on the hob to simmer, Master Peter
and the two ubiquitous young Cratchits went to fetch the goose, with which they soon returned in high
Such a bustle ensued that you might have thought a goose the rarest of all birds; a feathered phenomenon,
to which a black swan was a matter of course and, in truth, it was something very like it in that house.
Mrs Cratchit made the gravy (ready beforehand in a little saucepan) hissing hot; Master Peter mashed
the potatoes with incredible vigour; Miss Belinda sweetened up the apple sauce; Martha dusted the hot
plates; Bob took Tiny Tim beside him in a tiny corner at the table; the two young Cratchits set chairs for
everybody, not forgetting themselves, and, mounting guard upon their posts, crammed spoons into their
mouths, lest they should shriek for goose before their turn came to be helped. At last the dishes were
set on, and grace was said. It was succeeded by a breathless pause, as Mrs Cratchit, looking slowly
all along the carving-knife, prepared to plunge it in the breast; but when she did, and when the long-
expected gush of stuffing issued forth, one murmur of delight arose all round the board, and even Tiny
Tim, excited by the two young Cratchits, beat on the table with the handle of his knife and feebly cried
There never was such a goose. Bob said he didnt believe there ever was such a goose cooked. Its
tenderness and flavour, size and cheapness, were the themes of universal admiration. Eked out by apple sauce and mashed potatoes, it was a sufficient dinner for the whole family; indeed, as Mrs Cratchit
said with great delight (surveying one small atom of a bone upon the dish), they hadnt ate it all at last!
Yet everyone had had enough, and the youngest Cratchits, in particular, were steeped in sage and onion
to the eyebrows! But now, the plates being changed by Miss Belinda, Mrs Cratchit left the room alone
too nervous to bear witnesses to take the pudding up, and bring it in.
Suppose it should not be done enough! Suppose it should break in turning out! Suppose somebody
should have got over the wall of the backyard and stolen it, while they were merry with the goose a
supposition at which the two young Cratchits became livid! All sorts of horrors were supposed.
Hallo! A great deal of steam! The pudding was out of the copper. A smell like a washing-day! That was
the cloth. A smell like an eating-house and a pastry-cooks next door to each other, with a laundresss
next door to that! That was the pudding! In half a minute Mrs Cratchit entered flushed, but smiling
proudly with the pudding, like a speckled cannonball, so hard and firm, blazing in half of half a quartern
of ignited brandy, and bedight with Christmas holly stuck into the top.
Oh, a wonderful pudding! Bob Cratchit said, and calmly too, that he regarded it as the greatest success
achieved by Mrs Cratchit since their marriage. Mrs Cratchit said that, now the weight was off her mind,
she would confess she had her doubts about the quantity of flour. Everybody had something to say
about it, but nobody said or thought it was at all a small pudding for a large family. It would have been
flat heresy to do so. Any Cratchit would have blushed to hint at such a thing.
At last the dinner was all done, the cloth was cleared, the hearth swept, and the fire made up. The compound
in the jug being tasted, and considered perfect, apples and oranges were put upon the table, and a
shovel full of chestnuts on the fire. Then all the Cratchit family drew round the hearth in what Bob Cratchit
called a circle, meaning half a one; and at Bob Cratchits elbow stood the family display of glass. Two
tumblers and a custard cup without a handle.
These held the hot stuff from the jug, however, as well as golden goblets would have done; and Bob
served it out with beaming looks, while the chestnuts on the fire sputtered and cracked noisily. Then
A merry Christmas to us all, my dears. God bless us!
Which all the family re-echoed.
God bless us, every one! said Tiny Tim, the last of all.
He sat very close to his fathers side, upon his little stool. Bob held his withered little hand to his, as if
he loved the child, and wished to keep him by his side, and dreaded that he might be taken from him.
Spirit, said Scrooge, with an interest he had never felt before, tell me if Tiny Tim will live.
I see a vacant seat, replied the Ghost, in the poor chimney corner, and a crutch without an owner,
carefully preserved. If these shadows remain unaltered by the Future, the child will die.
No, no, said Scrooge. Oh no, kind Spirit! say he will be spared.
If these shadows remain unaltered by the Future none other of my race, returned the Ghost, will find
him here. What then? If he be like to die, he had better do it, and decrease the surplus population.
Scrooge hung his head to hear his own words quoted by the Spirit, and was overcome with penitence
Man, said the Ghost, if man you be in heart, not adamant, forbear that wicked cant until you have discovered
what the surplus is, and where it is. Will you decide what men shall live, what men shall die? It may be that, in the sight of Heaven, you are more worthless and less fit to live than millions like this poor
mans child. O God! to hear the insect on the leaf pronouncing on the too much life among his hungry
brothers in the dust!
Scrooge bent before the Ghosts rebuke, and, trembling, cast his eyes upon the ground. But he raised
them speedily on hearing his own name.
Mr Scrooge! said Bob. Ill give you Mr Scrooge, the Founder of the Feast!
The Founder of the Feast, indeed! cried Mrs Cratchit, reddening. I wish I had him here. Id give him a
piece of my mind to feast upon, and I hope hed have a good appetite for it.
My dear, said Bob, the children! Christmas Day.
It should be Christmas Day, I am sure, said she, on which one drinks the health of such an odious,
stingy, hard, unfeeling man as Mr Scrooge. You know he is, Robert! Nobody knows it better than you
do, poor fellow!
My dear! was Bobs mild answer. Christmas Day.
Ill drink his health for your sake and the Days, said Mrs Cratchit, not for his. Long life to him! A merry
Christmas and a happy New Year! Hell be very merry and very happy, I have no doubt!
The children drank the toast after her. It was the first of their proceedings which had no heartiness in it.
Tiny Tim drank it last of all, but he didnt care twopence for it. Scrooge was the Ogre of the family. The
mention of his name cast a dark shadow on the party, which was not dispelled for full five minutes.
After it had passed away they were ten times merrier than before, from the mere relief of Scrooge the
Baleful being done with. Bob Cratchit told them how he had a situation in his eye for Master Peter, which
would bring in, if obtained, full five-and-sixpence weekly. The two young Cratchits laughed tremendously
at the idea of Peters being a man of business; and Peter himself looked thoughtfully at the fire from
between his collars, as if he were deliberating what particular investments he should favour when he
came into the receipt of that bewildering income. Martha, who was a poor apprentice at a milliners,
then told them what kind of work she had to do, and how many hours she worked at a stretch and how
she meant to lie abed tomorrow morning for a good long rest; tomorrow being a holiday she passed at
home. Also how she had seen a countess and a lord some days before, and how the lord was much
about as tall as Peter; at which Peter pulled up his collar so high that you couldnt have seen his head
if you had been there. All this time the chestnuts and the jug went round and round; and by and by they
had a song, about a lost child travelling in the snow, from Tiny Tim, who had a plaintive little voice, and
sang it very well indeed.
There was nothing of high mark in this. They were not a handsome family; they were not well dressed; their
shoes were far from being waterproof; their clothes were scanty; and Peter might have known, and very
likely did, the inside of a pawnbrokers. But they were happy, grateful, pleased with one another, and
contented with the time; and when they faded, and looked happier yet in the bright sprinklings of the
Spirits torch at parting, Scrooge had his eye upon them, and especially on Tiny Tim, until the last.
By this time it was getting dark, and snowing pretty heavily; and as Scrooge and the Spirit went along
the streets, the brightness of the roaring fires in kitchens, parlours, and all sorts of rooms was wonderful
Here, the flickering of the blaze showed preparations for a cosy dinner, with hot plates baking through
and through before the fire, and deep red curtains, ready to be drawn to shut out cold and darkness.
There, all the children of the house were running out into the snow to meet their married sisters, brothers,
cousins, uncles, aunts, and be the first to greet them. Here, again, were shadows on the window-blinds
of guests assembling; and there a group of handsome girls, all hooded and fur-booted, and all chattering at once, tripped lightly off to some near neighbours house; where, woe upon the single man who saw
them enter artful witches, well they knew it in a glow!
But, if you had judged from the numbers of people on their way to friendly gatherings, you might have
thought that no one was at home to give them welcome when they got there, instead of every house
expecting company, and piling up its fires half-chimney high. Blessings on it, how the Ghost exulted!
How it bared its breadth of breast, and opened its capacious palm, and floated on, outpouring with a
generous hand its bright and harmless mirth on everything within its reach! The very lamplighter, who
ran on before, dotting the dusky street with specks of light, and who was dressed to spend the evening
somewhere, laughed out loudly as the Spirit passed, though little kenned the lamplighter that he had
any company but Christmas.
And now, without a word of warning from the Ghost, they stood upon a bleak and desert moor, where
monstrous masses of rude stone were cast about, as though it were the burial-place of giants; and water
spread itself wheresoever it listed; or would have done so, but for the frost that held it prisoner; and nothing
grew but moss and furze, and coarse, rank grass. Down in the west the setting sun had left a streak of
fiery red, which glared upon the desolation for an instant, like a sullen eye, and frowning lower, lower,
lower yet, was lost in the thick gloom of darkest night.
What place is this? asked Scrooge.
A place where miners live, who labour in the bowels of the earth, returned the Spirit. But they know
A light shone from the window of a hut, and swiftly they advanced towards it. Passing through the wall
of mud and stone, they found a cheerful company assembled round a glowing fire. An old, old man and
woman, with their children and their childrens children, and another generation beyond that, all decked
out gaily in their holiday attire. The old man, in a voice that seldom rose above the howling of the wind
upon the barren waste, was singing them a Christmas song; it had been a very old song when he was
a boy; and from time to time they all joined in the chorus. So surely as they raised their voices, the old
man got quite blithe and loud; and so surely as they stopped, his vigour sank again.
The Spirit did not tarry here, but bade Scrooge hold his robe, and, passing on above the moor, sped
whither? Not to sea? To sea. To Scrooges horror, looking back, he saw the last of the land, a frightful
range of rocks, behind them; and his ears were deafened by the thundering of water, as it rolled and
roared, and raged among the dreadful caverns it had worn, and fiercely tried to undermine the earth.
Built upon a dismal reef of sunken rocks, some league or so from shore, on which the waters chafed
and dashed, the wild year through, there stood a solitary lighthouse. Great heaps of seaweed clung to
its base, and storm-birds born of the wind, one might suppose, as seaweed of the water rose and
fell about it, like the waves they skimmed.
But, even here, two men who watched the light had made a fire, that through the loophole in the thick
stone wall shed out a ray of brightness on the awful sea. Joining their horny hands over the rough table
at which they sat, they wished each other Merry Christmas in their can of grog; and one of them the
elder too, with his face all damaged and scarred with hard weather, as the figurehead of an old ship
might be struck up a sturdy song that was like a gale in itself.
Again the Ghost sped on, above the black and heaving sea on, on until being far away, as he
told Scrooge, from any shore, they lighted on a ship. They stood beside the helmsman at the wheel,
the lookout in the bow, the officers who had the watch; dark, ghostly figures in their several stations; but
every man among them hummed a Christmas tune, or had a Christmas thought, or spoke below his
breath to his companion of some bygone Christmas Day, with homeward hopes belonging to it. And
every man on board, waking or sleeping, good or bad, had had a kinder word for one another on that day than on any day in the year; and had shared to some extent in its festivities; and had remembered
those he cared for at a distance, and had known that they delighted to remember him.
It was a great surprise to Scrooge, while listening to the moaning of the wind, and thinking what a solemn
thing it was to move on through the lonely darkness over an unknown abyss, whose depths were secrets
as profound as death: it was a great surprise to Scrooge, while thus engaged, to hear a hearty laugh. It
was a much greater surprise to Scrooge to recognise it as his own nephews and to find himself in a
bright, dry, gleaming room, with the Spirit standing smiling by his side, and looking at that same nephew
with approving affability!
Ha, ha! laughed Scrooges nephew. Ha, ha, ha!
If you should happen, by any unlikely chance, to know a man more blessed in a laugh than Scrooges
nephew, all I can say is, I should like to know him too. Introduce him to me, and Ill cultivate his acquaintance.
It is a fair, even-handed, noble adjustment of things, that while there is infection in disease and sorrow,
there is nothing in the world so irresistibly contagious as laughter and good-humour. When Scrooges
nephew laughed in this way holding his sides, rolling his head, and twisting his face into the most
extravagant contortions Scrooges niece, by marriage, laughed as heartily as he. And their assembled
friends, being not a bit behindhand, roared out lustily.
Ha, ha! Ha, ha, ha, ha!
He said that Christmas was a humbug, as I live! cried Scrooges nephew. He believed it, too!
More shame for him, Fred! said Scrooges niece indignantly. Bless those women! they never do anything
by halves. They are always in earnest.
She was very pretty; exceedingly pretty. With a dimpled, surprised-looking, capital face; a ripe little mouth,
that seemed made to be kissed as no doubt it was; all kinds of good little dots about her chin, that
melted into one another when she laughed; and the sunniest pair of eyes you ever saw in any little creatures
head. Altogether she was what you would have called provoking, you know; but satisfactory, too. Oh,
Hes a comical old fellow, said Scrooges nephew, thats the truth; and not so pleasant as he might be.
However, his offences carry their own punishment, and I have nothing to say against him.
Im sure he is very rich, Fred, hinted Scrooges niece. At least, you always tell me so.
What of that, my dear? said Scrooges nephew. His wealth is of no use to him. He dont do any good
with it. He dont make himself comfortable with it. He hasnt the satisfaction of thinking ha, ha, ha!
that he is ever going to benefit Us with it.
I have no patience with him, observed Scrooges niece. Scrooges nieces sisters, and all the other
ladies, expressed the same opinion.
Oh, I have! said Scrooges nephew. I am sorry for him; I couldnt be angry with him if I tried. Who
suffers by his ill whims? Himself always. Here he takes it into his head to dislike us, and he wont come
and dine with us. Whats the consequence? He dont lose much of a dinner.
Indeed, I think he loses a very good dinner, interrupted Scrooges niece. Everybody else said the same,
and they must be allowed to have been competent judges, because they had just had dinner; and with
the dessert upon the table, were clustered round the fire, by lamplight.
Well! I am very glad to hear it, said Scrooges nephew, because I havent any great faith in these young
housekeepers. What do you say, Topper?
Topper had clearly got his eye upon one of Scrooges nieces sisters, for he answered that a bachelor
was a wretched outcast, who had no right to express an opinion on the subject. Whereat Scrooges
nieces sister the plump one with the lace tucker: not the one with the roses blushed.
Do go on, Fred, said Scrooges niece, clapping her hands. He never finishes what he begins to say!
He is such a ridiculous fellow!
Scrooges nephew revelled in another laugh, and as it was impossible to keep the infection off, though
the plump sister tried hard to do it with aromatic vinegar, his example was unanimously followed.
I was only going to say, said Scrooges nephew, that the consequence of his taking a dislike to us, and
not making merry with us, is, as I think, that he loses some pleasant moments, which could do him no
harm. I am sure he loses pleasanter companions than he can find in his own thoughts, either in his
mouldy old office or his dusty chambers. I mean to give him the same chance every year, whether he
likes it or not, for I pity him. He may rail at Christmas till he dies, but he cant help thinking better of it
I defy him if he finds me going there, in good temper, year after year, and saying, Uncle Scrooge,
how are you? If it only put him in the vein to leave his poor clerk fifty pounds, thats something; and I
think I shook him yesterday.
It was their turn to laugh now, at the notion of his shaking Scrooge. But being thoroughly good-natured,
and not much caring what they laughed at, so that they laughed at any rate, he encouraged them in
their merriment, and passed the bottle, joyously.
After tea they had some music. For they were a musical family, and knew what they were about when
they sung a Glee or Catch, I can assure you: especially Topper, who could growl away in the bass like a
good one, and never swell the large veins in his forehead, or get red in the face over it. Scrooges niece
played well upon the harp; and played, among other tunes, a simple little air (a mere nothing: you might
learn to whistle it in two minutes) which had been familiar to the child who fetched Scrooge from the
boarding-school, as he had been reminded by the Ghost of Christmas Past. When this strain of music
sounded, all the things that Ghost had shown him came upon his mind; he softened more and more; and
thought that if he could have listened to it often, years ago, he might have cultivated the kindnesses of
life for his own happiness with his own hands, without resorting to the sextons spade that buried Jacob
But they didnt devote the whole evening to music. After a while they played at forfeits; for it is good
to be children sometimes, and never better than at Christmas, when its mighty Founder was a child
himself. Stop! There was first a game at blindmans-buff. Of course there was. And I no more believe
Topper was really blind than I believe he had eyes in his boots. My opinion is, that it was a done thing
between him and Scrooges nephew; and that the Ghost of Christmas Present knew it. The way he went
after that plump sister in the lace tucker was an outrage on the credulity of human nature. Knocking
down the fire-irons, tumbling over the chairs, bumping up against the piano, smothering himself amongst
the curtains, wherever she went, there went he! He always knew where the plump sister was. He wouldnt
catch anybody else. If you had fallen up against him (as some of them did) on purpose, he would have
made a feint of endeavouring to seize you, which would have been an affront to your understanding,
and would instantly have sidled off in the direction of the plump sister. She often cried out that it wasnt
fair; and it really was not. But when, at last, he caught her; when, in spite of all her silken rustlings, and
her rapid flutterings past him, he got her into a corner whence there was no escape; then his conduct
was the most execrable. For his pretending not to know her; his pretending that it was necessary to
touch her headdress, and further to assure himself of her identity by pressing a certain ring upon her
finger, and a certain chain about her neck; was vile, monstrous! No doubt she told him her opinion of it
when, another blind man being in office, they were so very confidential together behind the curtains.
Scrooges niece was not one of the blind mans-buff party, but was made comfortable with a large chair
and a footstool, in a snug corner where the Ghost and Scrooge were close behind her. But she joined in the forfeits, and loved her love to admiration with all the letters of the alphabet. Likewise at the game
of How, When, and Where, she was very great, and, to the secret joy of Scrooges nephew, beat her
sisters hollow; though they were sharp girls too, as Topper could have told you. There might have been
twenty people there, young and old, but they all played, and so did Scrooge; for wholly forgetting, in the
interest he had in what was going on, that his voice made no sound in their ears, he sometimes came
out with his guess quite loud, and very often guessed right, too; for the sharpest needle, best Whitechapel,
warranted not to cut in the eye, was not sharper than Scrooge, blunt as he took it in his head to be.
The Ghost was greatly pleased to find him in this mood, and looked upon him with such favour that he
begged like a boy to
be allowed to stay until the guests departed. But this the Spirit said could not be done.
Here is a new game, said Scrooge. One half-hour, Spirit, only one!
It was a game called Yes and No, where Scrooges nephew had to think of something, and the rest
must find out what, he only answering to their questions yes or no, as the case was. The brisk fire of
questioning to which he was exposed elicited from him that he was thinking of an animal, a live animal,
rather a disagreeable animal, a savage animal, an animal that growled and grunted sometimes, and
talked sometimes and lived in London, and walked about the streets, and wasnt made a show of, and
wasnt led by anybody, and didnt live in a menagerie, and was never killed in a market, and was not
a horse, or an ass, or a cow, or a bull, or a tiger, or a dog, or a pig, or a cat, or a bear. At every fresh
question that was put to him, this nephew burst into a fresh roar of laughter; and was so inexpressibly
tickled, that he was obliged to get up off the sofa and stamp. At last the plump sister, falling into a similar
state, cried out:
I have found it out! I know what it is, Fred! I know what it is!
What is it? cried Fred.
Its your uncle Scro-o-o-o-oge.
Which it certainly was. Admiration was the universal sentiment, though some objected that the reply to
Is it a bear? ought to have been Yes; inasmuch as an answer in the negative was sufficient to have
diverted their thoughts from Mr Scrooge, supposing they had ever had any tendency that way.
He has given us plenty of merriment, I am sure, said Fred, and it would be ungrateful not to drink his
health. Here is a glass of mulled wine ready to our hand at the moment; and I say, Uncle Scrooge!
Well! Uncle Scrooge! they cried.
A merry Christmas and a happy New Year to the old man, whatever he is! said Scrooges nephew. He
wouldnt take it from me, but may he have it, nevertheless. Uncle Scrooge!
Uncle Scrooge had imperceptibly become so gay and light of heart, that he would have pledged the
unconscious company in return, and thanked them in an inaudible speech, if the Ghost had given him
time. But the whole scene passed off in the breath of the last word spoken by his nephew; and he and
the Spirit were again upon their travels.
Much they saw, and far they went, and many homes they visited, but always with a happy end. The
Spirit stood beside sick-beds, and they were cheerful; on foreign lands, and they were close at home; by
struggling men, and they were patient in their greater hope; by poverty, and it was rich. In almshouse,
hospital, and gaol, in miserys every refuge, where vain man in his little brief authority had not made fast
the door, and barred the Spirit out, he left his blessing and taught Scrooge his precepts.
It was a long night, if it were only a night; but Scrooge had his doubts of this, because the Christmas
holidays appeared to be condensed into the space of time they passed together. It was strange, too,
that, while Scrooge remained unaltered in his outward form, the Ghost grew older, clearly older. Scrooge
had observed this change, but never spoke of it until they left a childrens Twelfth-Night party, when,
looking at the Spirit as they stood together in an open place, he noticed that its hair was grey.
Are spirits lives so short? asked Scrooge.
My life upon this globe is very brief, replied the Ghost. It ends tonight.
Tonight! cried Scrooge.
Tonight at midnight. Hark! The time is drawing near.
The chimes were ringing the three-quarters past eleven at that moment.
Forgive me if I am not justified in what I ask, said Scrooge, looking intently at the Spirits robe, but I
see something strange, and not belonging to yourself, protruding from your skirts. Is it a foot or a claw?
It might be a claw, for the flesh there is upon it, was the Spirits sorrowful reply. Look here!
From the foldings of its robe it brought two children, wretched, abject, frightful, hideous, miserable. They
knelt down at its feet, and clung upon the outside of its garment.
O Man! look here! Look, look down here! exclaimed the Ghost.
They were a boy and girl. Yellow, meagre, ragged, scowling, wolfish, but prostrate, too, in their humility.
Where graceful youth should have filled their features out, and touched them with its freshest tints, a
stale and shrivelled hand, like that of age, had pinched and twisted them, and pulled them into shreds.
Where angels might have sat enthroned, devils lurked, and glared out menacing. No change, no degradation,
no perversion of humanity in any grade, through all the mysteries of wonderful creation, has monsters
half so horrible and dread.
Scrooge started back, appalled. Having them shown to him in this way, he tried to say they were fine
children, but the words choked themselves, rather than be parties to a lie of such enormous magnitude.
Spirit! are they yours? Scrooge could say no more.
They are Mans, said the Spirit, looking down upon them. And they cling to me, appealing from their
fathers. This boy is Ignorance. This girl is Want. Beware of them both, and all of their degree, but most
of all beware this boy, for on his brow I see that written which is Doom, unless the writing be erased.
Deny it! cried the Spirit, stretching out his hand towards the city. Slander those who tell it ye! Admit it
for your factious purposes, and make it worse! And bide the end!
Have they no refuge or resource? cried Scrooge.
Are there no prisons? said the Spirit, turning on him for the last time with his own words. Are there no
The bell struck Twelve.
Scrooge looked about him for the Ghost, and saw it not. As the last stroke ceased to vibrate, he remembered
the prediction of old Jacob Marley, and, lifting up his eyes, beheld a solemn Phantom, draped and hooded,
coming like a mist along the ground towards him.
The Last of the Spirits
The Phantom slowly, gravely, silently approached. When it came near him, Scrooge bent down upon his
knee; for in the very air through which this Spirit moved it seemed to scatter gloom and mystery.
It was shrouded in a deep black garment, which concealed its head, its face, its form, and left nothing of
it visible, save one outstretched hand. But for this, it would have been difficult to detach its figure from
the night, and separate it from the darkness by which it was surrounded.
He felt that it was tall and stately when it came beside him, and that its mysterious presence filled him
with a solemn dread. He knew no more, for the Spirit neither spoke nor moved.
I am in the presence of the Ghost of Christmas Yet to Come? said Scrooge.
The Spirit answered not, but pointed onward with its hand.
You are about to show me shadows of the things that have not happened, but will happen in the time
before us, Scrooge pursued. Is that so, Spirit?
The upper portion of the garment was contracted for an instant in its folds, as if the Spirit had inclined
its head. That was the only answer he received.
Although well used to ghostly company by this time, Scrooge feared the silent shape so much that his
legs trembled beneath him, and he found that he could hardly stand when he prepared to follow it. The
Spirit paused a moment, as observing his condition, and giving him time to recover.
But Scrooge was all the worse for this. It thrilled him with a vague, uncertain horror to know that, behind
the dusky shroud, there were ghostly eyes intently fixed upon him, while he, though he stretched his
own to the utmost, could see nothing but a spectral hand and one great heap of black.
Ghost of the Future! he exclaimed, I fear you more than any spectre I have seen. But as I know your
purpose is to do me good, and as I hope to live to be another man from what I was, I am prepared to
bear your company, and do it with a thankful heart. Will you not speak to me?
It gave him no reply. The hand was pointed straight before them.
Lead on! said Scrooge. Lead on! The night is waning fast, and it is precious time to me, I know. Lead
The Phantom moved away as it had come towards him. Scrooge followed in the shadow of its dress,
which bore him up, he thought, and carried him along.
They scarcely seemed to enter the City; for the City rather seemed to spring up about them, and encompass
them of its own act. But there they were in the heart of it; on Change, amongst the merchants, who
hurried up and down, and chinked the money in their pockets, and conversed in groups, and looked
at their watches, and trifled thoughtfully with their great gold seals, and so forth, as Scrooge had seen
The Spirit stopped beside one little knot of business men. Observing that the hand was pointed to them,
Scrooge advanced to listen to their talk.
No, said a great fat man with a monstrous chin, I dont know much about it either way. I only know hes
When did he die? enquired another.
Last night, I believe.
Why, what was the matter with him? asked a third, taking a vast quantity of snuff out of a very large
snuffbox. I thought hed never die.
God knows, said the first, with a yawn.
What has he done with his money? asked a red-faced gentleman with a pendulous excrescence on
the end of his nose, that shook like the gills of a turkey-cock.
I havent heard, said the man with the large chin, yawning again. Left it to his company, perhaps. He
hasnt left it to me. Thats all I know.
This pleasantry was received with a general laugh.
Its likely to be a very cheap funeral, said the same speaker; for, upon my life, I dont know of anybody
to go to it. Suppose we make up a party, and volunteer?
I dont mind going if a lunch is provided, observed the gentleman with the excrescence on his nose.
But I must be fed if I make one.
Well, I am the most disinterested among you, after all, said the first speaker, for I never wear black
gloves, and I never eat lunch. But Ill offer to go if anybody else will. When I come to think of it, Im not
at all sure that I wasnt his most particular friend; for we used to stop and speak whenever we met. Bye,
Speakers and listeners strolled away, and mixed with other groups. Scrooge knew the men, and looked
towards the Spirit for an explanation.
The phantom glided on into a street. Its finger pointed to two persons meeting. Scrooge listened again,
thinking that the explanation might lie here.
He knew these men, also, perfectly. They were men of business: very wealthy, and of great importance.
He had made a point always of standing well in their esteem in a business point of view, that is; strictly in
a business point of view.
How are you? said one.
How are you? returned the other.
Well! said the first, old Scratch has got his own at last, hey?
So I am told, returned the second. Cold, isnt it?
Seasonable for Christmastime. You are not a skater, I suppose?
No, no. Something else to think of. Good-morning!
Not another word. That was their meeting, their conversation, and their parting.
Scrooge was at first inclined to be surprised that the Spirit should attach importance to conversations
apparently so trivial; but feeling assured that they must have some hidden purpose, he set himself to
consider what it was likely to be. They could scarcely be supposed to have any bearing on the death
of Jacob, his old partner, for that was Past, and this Ghosts province was the Future. Nor could he
think of anyone immediately connected with himself to whom he could apply them. But nothing doubting
that, to whomsoever they applied, they had some latent moral for his own improvement, he resolved to treasure up every word he heard, and everything he saw; and especially to observe the shadow of
himself when it appeared. For he had an expectation that the conduct of his future self would give him
the clue he missed, and would render the solution of these riddles easy.
He looked about in that very place for his own image, but another man stood in his accustomed corner; and
though the clock pointed to his usual time of day for being there, he saw no likeness of himself among
the multitudes that poured in through the Porch. It gave him little surprise, however; for he had been
revolving in his mind a change of life, and thought and hoped he saw his newborn resolutions carried
out in this.
Quiet and dark, beside him stood the Phantom, with its outstretched hand. When he roused himself
from his thoughtful quest, he fancied, from the turn of the hand, and its situation in reference to himself,
that the Unseen Eyes were looking at him keenly. It made him shudder, and feel very cold.
They left the busy scene, and went into an obscure part of the town, where Scrooge had never penetrated
before, although he recognised its situation and its bad repute. The ways were foul and narrow; the shops
and houses wretched; the people half naked, drunken, slipshod, ugly. Alleys and archways, like so many
cesspools, disgorged their offences of smell and dirt, and life upon the straggling streets; and the whole
quarter reeked with crime, with filth, and misery.
Far in this den of infamous resort, there was a lowbrowed, beetling shop, below a penthouse roof, where
iron, old rags, bottles, bones, and greasy offal were bought. Upon the floor within were piled up heaps
of rusty keys, nails, chains, hinges, files, scales, weights, and refuse iron of all kinds. Secrets that few
would like to scrutinise were bred and hidden in mountains of unseemly rags, masses of corrupted fat,
and sepulchres of bones. Sitting in among the wares he dealt in, by a charcoal stove made of old bricks,
was a grey-haired rascal, nearly seventy years of age, who had screened himself from the cold air without
by a frouzy curtaining of miscellaneous tatters hung upon a line, and smoked his pipe in all the luxury of
Scrooge and the Phantom came into the presence of this man, just as a woman with a heavy bundle
slunk into the shop But she had scarcely entered, when another woman, similarly laden, came in too; and
she was closely followed by a man in faded black, who was no less startled by the sight of them than
they had been upon the recognition of each other. After a short period of blank astonishment, in which
the old man with the pipe had joined them, they all three burst into a laugh.
Let the charwoman alone to be the first! cried she who had entered first. Let the laundress alone to
be the second; and let the undertakers man alone to be the third. Look here, old Joe, heres a chance!
If we havent all three met here without meaning it!
You couldnt have met in a better place, said old Joe, removing his pipe from his mouth. Come into the
parlour. You were made free of it long ago, you know; and the other two ant strangers. Stop till I shut
the door of the shop. Ah! how it skreeks! There ant such a rusty bit of metal in the place as its own
hinges, I believe; and Im sure theres no such old bones here as mine. Ha! ha! Were all suitable to our
calling, were well matched. Come into the parlour. Come into the parlour.
The parlour was the space behind the screen of rags. The old man raked the fire together with an old
stair-rod, and having trimmed his smoky lamp (for it was night) with the stem of his pipe, put it into his
While he did this, the woman who had already spoken threw her bundle on the floor, and sat down in a
flaunting manner on a stool, crossing her elbows on her knees, and looking with a bold defiance at the
What odds, then? What odds, Mrs Dilber? said the woman. Every person has a right to take care of
themselves. He always did!
Thats true, indeed! said the laundress. No man more so.
Why, then, dont stand staring as if you was afraid, woman! Whos the wiser? Were not going to pick
holes in each others coats, I suppose?
No, indeed! said Mrs Dilber and the man together. We should hope not.
Very well then! cried the woman. Thats enough. Whos the worse for the loss of a few things like
these? Not a dead man, I suppose?
No, indeed, said Mrs Dilber, laughing.
If he wanted to keep em after he was dead, a wicked old screw, pursued the woman, why wasnt he
natural in his lifetime? If he had been, hed have had somebody to look after him when he was struck
with Death, instead of lying gasping out his last there, alone by himself.
Its the truest word that ever was spoke, said Mrs Dilber. Its a judgement on him.
I wish it was a little heavier judgement, replied the woman: and it should have been, you may depend
upon it, if I could have laid my hands on anything else. Open that bundle, old Joe, and let me know the
value of it. Speak out plain. Im not afraid to be the first, nor afraid for them to see it. We knew pretty
well that we were helping ourselves before we met here, I believe. Its no sin. Open the bundle, Joe.
But the gallantry of her friends would not allow of this; and the man in faded black, mounting the breach
first, produced his plunder. It was not extensive. A seal or two, a pencil-case, a pair of sleeve-buttons,
and a brooch of no great value, were all. They were severally examined and appraised by old Joe, who
chalked the sums he was disposed to give for each upon the wall, and added them up into a total when
he found that there was nothing more to come.
Thats your account, said Joe, and I wouldnt give another sixpence, if I was to be boiled for not doing
it. Whos next?
Mrs Dilber was next. Sheets and towels, a little wearing apparel, two old fashioned silver teaspoons, a
pair of sugar-tongs, and a few boots. Her account was stated on the wall in the same manner.
I always give too much to ladies. Its a weakness of mine, and thats the way I ruin myself, said old Joe.
Thats your account. If you asked me for another penny, and made it an open question, Id repent of
being so liberal, and knock off half a crown.
And now undo my bundle, Joe, said the first woman.
Joe went down on his knees for the greater convenience of opening it, and, having unfastened a great
many knots, dragged out a large heavy roll of some dark stuff.
What do you call this? said Joe. Bed-curtains?
Ah! returned the woman, laughing and leaning forward on her crossed arms. Bed-curtains!
You dont mean to say you took em down, rings and all, with him lying there? said Joe.
Yes, I do, replied the woman. Why not?
You were born to make your fortune, said Joe, and youll certainly do it.
I certainly shant hold my hand, when I can get anything in it by reaching it out, for the sake of such a man as he was, I promise you, Joe, returned the woman coolly. Dont drop that oil upon the blankets,
His blankets? asked Joe.
Whose elses do you think? replied the woman. He isnt likely to take cold without em, I dare say.
I hope he didnt die of anything catching? Eh? said old Joe, stopping in his work, and looking up.
Dont you be afraid of that, returned the woman. I ant so fond of his company that Id loiter about him
for such things, if he did. Ah! you may look through that shirt till your eyes ache, but you wont find a
hole in it, nor a threadbare place. Its the best he had, and a fine one too. Theyd have wasted it, if it
hadnt been for me.
What do you call wasting of it? asked old Joe.
Putting it on him to be buried in, to be sure, replied the woman, with a laugh. Somebody was fool
enough to do it, but I took it off again. If calico ant good enough for such a purpose, it isnt good enough
for anything. Its quite as becoming to the body. He cant look uglier than he did in that one.
Scrooge listened to this dialogue in horror. As they sat grouped about their spoil, in the scanty light
afforded by the old mans lamp, he viewed them with a detestation and disgust which could hardly have
been greater, though they had been obscene demons marketing the corpse itself.
Ha, ha! laughed the same woman when old Joe producing a flannel bag with money in it, told out their
several gains upon the ground. This is the end of it, you see! He frightened everyone away from him
when he was alive, to profit us when he was dead! Ha, ha, ha!
Spirit! said Scrooge, shuddering from head to foot. I see, I see. The case of this unhappy man might
be my own. My life tends that way now. Merciful heaven, what is this?
He recoiled in terror, for the scene had changed, and now he almost touched a bed a bare, uncurtained
bed on which, beneath a ragged sheet, there lay a something covered up, which, though it was dumb,
announced itself in awful language.
The room was very dark, too dark to be observed with any accuracy, though Scrooge glanced round it
in obedience to a secret impulse, anxious to know what kind of room it was. A pale light, rising in the
outer air, fell straight upon the bed; and on it, plundered and bereft, unwatched, unwept, uncared for, was
the body of this man.
Scrooge glanced towards the Phantom. Its steady hand was pointed to the head. The cover was so
carelessly adjusted that the slightest raising of it, the motion of a finger upon Scrooges part, would have
disclosed the face. He thought of it, felt how easy it would be to do, and longed to do it; but he had no
more power to withdraw the veil than to dismiss the spectre at his side
Oh, cold, cold, rigid, dreadful Death, set up thine altar here, and dress it with such terrors as thou hast
at thy command; for this is thy dominion! But of the loved, revered, and honoured head thou canst not
turn one hair to thy dread purposes, or make one feature odious. It is not that the hand is heavy, and
will fall down when released; it is not that the heart and pulse are still; but that the hand was open, generous,
and true; the heart brave, warm, and tender, and the pulse a mans. Strike, Shadow, strike! And see his
good deeds springing from the wound, to sow the world with life immortal!
No voice pronounced these words in Scrooges ears, and yet he heard them when he looked upon the
bed. He thought, if this man could be raised up now, what would be his foremost thoughts? Avarice,
hard dealing, griping cares? They have brought him to a rich end, truly!
He lay in the dark, empty house, with not a man, a woman, or a child to say he was kind to me in this
or that, and for the memory of one kind word I will be kind to him. A cat was tearing at the door, and
there was a sound of gnawing rats beneath the hearthstone. What they wanted in the room of death,
and why they were so restless and disturbed, Scrooge did not dare to think.
Spirit! he said, this is a fearful place. In leaving it, I shall not leave its lesson, trust me. Let us go!
Still the Ghost pointed with an unmoved finger to the head.
I understand you, Scrooge returned, and I would do it if I could. But I have not the power, Spirit. I
have not the power.
Again it seemed to look upon him.
If there is any person in the town who feels emotion caused by this mans death, said Scrooge, quite
agonised, show that person to me, Spirit, I beseech you!
The Phantom spread its dark robe before him for a moment, like a wing; and, withdrawing it, revealed a
room by daylight, where a mother and her children were.
She was expecting someone, and with anxious eagerness; for she walked up and down the room, started
at every sound, looked out from the window, glanced at the clock, tried, but in vain, to work with her
needle, and could hardly bear the voices of her children in their play.
At length the long-expected knock was heard. She hurried to the door, and met her husband; a man
whose face was careworn and depressed, though he was young. There was a remarkable expression
in it now, a kind of serious delight of which he felt ashamed; and which he struggled to repress.
He sat down to the dinner that had been hoarding for him by the fire, and when she asked him faintly
what news (which was not until after a long silence), he appeared embarrassed how to answer.
Is it good, she said, or bad? to help him.
Bad, he answered
We are quite ruined?
No. There is hope yet, Caroline.
If he relents, she, said, amazed, there is! Nothing is past hope, if such a miracle has happened.
He is past relenting, said her husband. He is dead.
She was a mild and patient creature, if her face spoke truth; but she was thankful in her soul to hear it,
and she said so with clasped hands. She prayed forgiveness the next moment, and was sorry; but the
first was the emotion of her heart.
What the half-drunken woman, whom I told you of last night, said to me when I tried to see him and
obtain a weeks delay and what I thought was a mere excuse to avoid me turns out to have been
quite true. He was not only very ill, but dying, then.
To whom will our debt be transferred?
I dont know. But, before that time, we shall be ready with the money; and even though we were not, it
would be bad fortune indeed to find so merciless a creditor in his successor. We may sleep tonight with
light hearts, Caroline!
Yes. Soften it as they would, their hearts were lighter. The childrens faces, hushed and clustered round
to hear what they so little understood, were brighter; and it was a happier house for this mans death!
The only emotion that the Ghost could show him, caused by the event, was one of pleasure.
Let me see some tenderness connected with a death, said Scrooge; or that dark chamber, Spirit, which
we left just now, will be for ever present to me.
The Ghost conducted him through several streets familiar to his feet; and as they went along, Scrooge
looked here and there to find himself, but nowhere was he to be seen. They entered poor Bob Cratchits
house; the dwelling he had visited before; and found the mother and the children seated round the fire.
Quiet. Very quiet. The noisy little Cratchits were as still as statues in one corner, and sat looking up at
Peter, who had a book before him. The mother and her daughters were engaged in sewing. But surely
they were very quiet!
And he took a child, and set him in the midst of them.
Where had Scrooge heard those words? He had not dreamed them. The boy must have read them out
as he and the Spirit crossed the threshold. Why did he not go on?
The mother laid her work upon the table, and put her hand up to her face.
The colour hurts my eyes, she said.
The colour? Ah, poor Tiny Tim!
Theyre better now again, said Cratchits wife. It makes them weak by candlelight; and I wouldnt show
weak eyes to your father when he comes home for the world. It must be near his time.
Past it rather, Peter answered, shutting up his book. But I think he has walked a little slower than he
used, these few last evenings, mother.
They were very quiet again. At last she said, and in a steady, cheerful voice, that only faltered once:
I have known him walk with I have known him walk with Tiny Tim upon his shoulder very fast indeed.
And so have I, cried Peter. Often.
And so have I, exclaimed another. So had all.
But he was very light to carry, she resumed, intent upon her work, and his father loved him so, that it
was no trouble, no trouble. And there is your father at the door!
She hurried out to meet him; and little Bob in his comforter he had need of it, poor fellow came in.
His tea was ready for him on the hob, and they all tried who should help him to it most. Then the two
young Cratchits got upon his knees, and laid, each child, a little cheek against his face, as if they said,
Dont mind it, father. Dont be grieved!
Bob was very cheerful with them, and spoke pleasantly to all the family. He looked at the work upon the
table, and praised the industry and speed of Mrs Cratchit and the girls. They would be done long before
Sunday, he said.
Sunday! You went today, then, Robert? said his wife.
Yes, my dear, returned Bob. I wish you could have gone. It would have done you good to see how
green a place it is. But youll see it often. I promised him that I would walk there on a Sunday. My little,
little child! cried Bob. My little child!
He broke down all at once. He couldnt help it. If he could have helped it, he and his child would have
been farther apart, perhaps, than they were.
He left the room, and went upstairs into the room above, which was lighted cheerfully, and hung with
Christmas. There was a chair set close beside the child, and there were signs of someone having been
there lately. Poor Bob sat down in it, and when he had thought a little and composed himself, he kissed
the little face. He was reconciled to what had happened, and went down again quite happy.
They drew about the fire, and talked, the girls and mother working still. Bob told them of the extraordinary
kindness of Mr Scrooges nephew, whom he had scarcely seen but once, and who, meeting him in the
street that day, and seeing that he looked a little just a little down, you know, said Bob, enquired
what had happened to distress him. On which, said Bob, for he is the pleasantest-spoken gentleman
you ever heard, I told him. I am heartily sorry for it, Mr Cratchit, he said, and heartily sorry for your
good wife. By the by, how he ever knew that I dont know.
Knew what, my dear?
Why, that you were a good wife, replied Bob.
Everybody knows that, said Peter.
Very well observed, my boy! cried Bob. I hope they do. Heartily sorry, he said, for your good wife.
If I can be of service to you in any way, he said, giving me his card, thats where I live. Pray come to
me. Now, it wasnt, cried Bob, for the sake of anything he might be able to do for us, so much as for
his kind way, that this was quite delightful. It really seemed as if he had known our Tiny Tim, and felt
Im sure hes a good soul! said Mrs Cratchit.
You would be sure of it, my dear, returned Bob, If you saw and spoke to him. I shouldnt be at all surprised
mark what I say! if he got Peter a better situation.
Only hear that, Peter, said Mrs Cratchit.
And then, cried one of the girls, Peter will be keeping company with someone, and setting up for himself.
Get along with you! retorted Peter, grinning.
Its just as likely as not, said Bob, one of these days; though theres plenty of time for that, my dear.
But, however and whenever we part from one another, I am sure we shall none of us forget poor Tiny
Tim shall we or this first parting that there was among us?
Never, father! cried they all.
And I know, said Bob, I know, my dears, that when we recollect how patient and how mild he was; although
he was a little, little child; we shall not quarrel easily among ourselves, and forget poor Tiny Tim in doing
No, never, father! they all cried again.
I am very happy, said little Bob, I am very happy!
Mrs Cratchit kissed him, his daughters kissed him, the two young Cratchits kissed him, and Peter and
himself shook hands. Spirit of Tiny Tim, thy childish essence was from God!
Spectre, said Scrooge, something informs me that our parting moment is at hand. I know it but I know
not how. Tell me what man that was whom we saw lying dead?
The Ghost of Christmas Yet to Come conveyed him, as before though at a different time, he thought: indeed
there seemed no order in these latter visions, save that they were in the Future into the resorts of
business men, but showed him not himself. Indeed, the Spirit did not stay for anything, but went straight
on, as to the end just now desired, until besought by Scrooge to tarry for a moment.
This court, said Scrooge, through which we hurry now, is where my place of occupation is, and has
been for a length of time. I see the house. Let me behold what I shall be in days to come.
The Spirit stopped; the hand was pointed elsewhere.
The house is yonder, Scrooge exclaimed. Why do you point away?
The inexorable finger underwent no change.
Scrooge hastened to the window of his office, and looked in. It was an office still, but not his. The furniture
was not the same, and the figure in the chair was not himself. The Phantom pointed as before.
He joined it once again, and, wondering why and whither he had gone, accompanied it until they reached
an iron gate. He paused to look round before entering.
A churchyard. Here, then, the wretched man, whose name he had now to learn, lay underneath the
ground. It was a worthy place. Walled in by houses; overrun by grass and weeds, the growth of vegetations
death, not life; choked up with too much burying; fat with repleted appetite. A worthy place!
The Spirit stood among the graves, and pointed down to One. He advanced towards it trembling. The
Phantom was exactly as it had been, but he dreaded that he saw new meaning in its solemn shape.
Before I draw nearer to that stone to which you point, said Scrooge, answer me one question. Are
these the shadows of the things that Will be, or are they shadows of the things that May be only?
Still the Ghost pointed downward to the grave by which it stood.
Mens courses will foreshadow certain ends, to which, if persevered in, they must lead, said Scrooge.
But if the courses be departed from, the ends will change. Say it is thus with what you show me!
The Spirit was immovable as ever.
Scrooge crept towards it, trembling as he went; and, following the finger, read upon the stone of the neglected
grave his own name, EBENEZER SCROOGE.
Am I that man who lay upon the bed? he cried upon his knees.
The finger pointed from the grave to him, and back again.
No, Spirit! Oh no, no!
The finger still was there.
Spirit! he cried, tight clutching at its robe, hear me! I am not the man I was. I will not be the man I
must have been but for this intercourse. Why show me this, if I am past all hope?
For the first time the hand appeared to shake.
Good Spirit, he pursued, as down upon the ground he fell before it, your nature intercedes for me, and
pities me. Assure me that I yet may change these shadows you have shown me by an altered life?
The kind hand trembled.
I will honour Christmas in my heart, and try to keep it all the year. I will live in the Past, the Present,
and the Future. The Spirits of all Three shall strive within me. I will not shut out the lessons that they
teach. Oh, tell me I may sponge away the writing on this stone!
In his agony he caught the spectral hand. It sought to free itself, but he was strong in his entreaty, and
detained it. The Spirit stronger yet, repulsed him.
Holding up his hands in a last prayer to have his fate reversed, he saw an alteration in the Phantoms
hood and dress. It shrunk, collapsed, and dwindled down into a bedpost.
The End of it
Yes! and the bedpost was his own. The bed was his own, the room was his own. Best and happiest of
all, the Time before him was his own, to make amends in!
I will live in the Past, the Present, and the Future! Scrooge repeated as he scrambled out of bed. The
Spirits of all Three shall strive within me. O Jacob Marley! Heaven and the Christmastime be praised
for this! I say it on my knees, old Jacob; on my knees!
He was so fluttered and so glowing with his good intentions, that his broken voice would scarcely answer
to his call. He had been sobbing violently in his conflict with the Spirit, and his face was wet with tears.
They are not torn down, cried Scrooge, folding one of his bed-curtains in his arms, They are not torn
down, rings and all. They are here I am here the shadows of the things that would have been may
be dispelled. They will be. I know they will!
His hands were busy with his garments all this time: turning them inside out, putting them on upside
down, tearing them, mislaying them, making them parties to every kind of extravagance.
I dont know what to do! cried Scrooge, laughing and crying in the same breath, and making a perfect
Laocoön of himself with his stockings. I am as light as a feather, I am as happy as an angel, I am as
merry as a schoolboy, I am as giddy as a drunken man. A merry Christmas to everybody! A happy New
Year to all the world! Hallo here! Whoop! Hallo!
He had frisked into the sitting-room; and was now standing there, perfectly winded.
Theres the saucepan that the gruel was in! cried Scrooge, starting off again, and going round the
fireplace. Theres the door by which the Ghost of Jacob Marley entered! Theres the corner where the
Ghost of Christmas Present sat! Theres the window where I saw the wandering Spirits! Its all right, its
all true, it all happened. Ha, ha, ha!
Really, for a man who had been out of practice for so many years, it was a splendid laugh, a most illustrious
laugh. The father of a long, long line of brilliant laughs!
I dont know what day of the month it is, said Scrooge. I dont know how long I have been among the
Spirits. I dont know anything. Im quite a baby. Never mind. I dont care. Id rather be a baby. Hallo!
Whoop! Hallo here!
He was checked in his transports by the churches ringing out the lustiest peals he had ever heard. Clash,
clash, hammer; ding, dong, bell! Bell, dong, ding; hammer, clang, clash! Oh, glorious, glorious!
Running to the window, he opened it, and put out his head. No fog, no mist; clear, bright, jovial, stirring,
cold; cold, piping for the blood to dance to; golden sunlight; heavenly sky; sweet fresh air; merry bells. Oh,
Whats today? cried Scrooge, calling downward to a boy in Sunday clothes, who perhaps had loitered
in to look about him.
EH? returned the boy with all his might of wonder.
Whats today, my fine fellow? said Scrooge.
Today! replied the boy. Why, CHRISTMAS DAY.
Its Christmas Day! said Scrooge to himself. I havent missed it. The Spirits have done it all in one
night. They can do anything they like. Of course they can. Of course they can. Hallo, my fine fellow!
Hallo! returned the boy.
Do you know the poulterers in the next street but one, at the corner? Scrooge enquired.
I should hope I did, replied the lad.
An intelligent boy! said Scrooge. A remarkable boy! Do you know whether theyve sold the prize turkey
that was hanging up there? Not the little prize turkey: the big one?
What! the one as big as me? returned the boy.
What a delightful boy! said Scrooge. Its a pleasure to talk to him. Yes, my buck!
Its hanging there now, replied the boy.
Is it? said Scrooge. Go and buy it.
Walk-ER! exclaimed the boy.
No, no, said Scrooge. I am in earnest. Go and buy it, and tell em to bring it here, that I may give them
the directions where to take it. Come back with the man, and Ill give you a shilling. Come back with
him in less than five minutes, and Ill give you half a crown!
The boy was off like a shot. He must have had a steady hand at a trigger who could have got a shot off
half as fast.
Ill send it to Bob Cratchits, whispered Scrooge, rubbing his hands, and splitting with a laugh. He shant
know who sends it. Its twice the size of Tiny Tim. Joe Miller never made such a joke as sending it to
Bobs will be!
The hand in which he wrote the address was not a steady one; but write it he did, somehow, and went
downstairs to open the street-door, ready for the coming of the poulterers man. As he stood there, waiting
his arrival, the knocker caught his eye.
I shall love it as long as I live! cried Scrooge, patting it with his hand. I scarcely ever looked at it before.
What an honest expression it has in its face! Its a wonderful knocker! Heres the turkey. Hallo! Whoop!
How are you! Merry Christmas!
It was a turkey! He never could have stood upon his legs, that bird. He would have snapped em short
off in a minute, like sticks of sealing-wax.
Why, its impossible to carry that to Camden Town, said
Scrooge. You must have a cab.
The chuckle with which he said this, and the chuckle with which he paid for the turkey, and the chuckle
with which he paid for the cab, and the chuckle with which he recompensed the boy, were only to be
exceeded by the chuckle with which he sat down breathless in his chair again, and chuckled till he cried.
Shaving was not an easy task, for his hand continued to shake very much; and shaving requires attention,
even when you dont dance while you are at it. But if he had cut the end of his nose off, he would have
put a piece of sticking-plaster over it, and been quite satisfied.
He dressed himself all in his best, and at last got out into the streets. The people were by this time
pouring forth, as he had seen them with the Ghost of Christmas Present; and, walking with his hands
behind him, Scrooge regarded everyone with a delighted smile. He looked so irresistibly pleasant, in
a word, that three or four good-humoured fellows said, Good-morning, sir! A merry Christmas to you! And Scrooge said often afterwards that, of all the blithe sounds he had ever heard, those were the blithest
in his ears.
He had not gone far when, coming on towards him, he beheld the portly gentleman who had walked into
his counting-house the day before, and said, Scrooge and Marleys, I believe? It sent a pang across
his heart to think how this old gentleman would look upon him when they met; but he knew what path lay
straight before him, and he took it.
My dear sir, said Scrooge, quickening his pace, and taking the old gentleman by both his hands, how
do you do? I hope you succeeded yesterday. It was very kind of you. A merry Christmas to you, sir!
Yes, said Scrooge. That is my name, and I fear it may not be pleasant to you. Allow me to ask your
pardon. And will you have the goodness Here Scrooge whispered in his ear.
Lord bless me! cried the gentleman, as if his breath were taken away. My dear Mr Scrooge, are you
If you please, said Scrooge. Not a farthing less. A great many back-payments are included in it, I assure
you. Will you do me that favour?
My dear sir, said the other, shaking hands with him, I dont know what to say to such munifi
Dont say anything, please, retorted Scrooge. Come and see me. Will you come and see me?
I will! cried the old gentleman. And it was clear he meant to do it.
Thankee, said Scrooge. I am much obliged to you. I thank you fifty times. Bless you!
He went to church, and walked about the streets, and watched the people hurrying to and fro, and patted
the children on the head, and questioned beggars, and looked down into the kitchens of houses, and up
to the window; and found that everything could yield him pleasure. He had never dreamed that any walk
that anything could give him so much happiness. In the afternoon he turned his steps towards his
He passed the door a dozen times before he had the courage to go up and knock. But he made a dash
and did it
Is your master at home, my dear? said Scrooge to the girl. Nice girl! Very.
Where is he, my love? said Scrooge.
Hes in the dining-room, sir, along with mistress. Ill show you upstairs, if you please.
Thankee. He knows me, said Scrooge, with his hand already on the dining-room lock. Ill go in here,
He turned it gently, and sidled his face in round the door. They were looking at the table (which was
spread out in great array); for these young housekeepers are always nervous on such points, and like
to see that everything is right.
Fred! said Scrooge.
Dear heart alive, how his niece by marriage started! Scrooge had forgotten, for the moment, about her
sitting in the corner with the footstool, or he wouldnt have done it on any account.
Why, bless my soul! cried Fred, whos that?
Its I. Your uncle Scrooge. I have come to dinner. Will you let me in, Fred?
Let him in! It is a mercy he didnt shake his arm off. He was at home in five minutes. Nothing could be
heartier. His niece looked just the same. So did Topper when he came. So did the plump sister when
she came. So did everyone when they came. Wonderful party, wonderful games, wonderful unanimity,
But he was early at the office next morning. Oh, he was early there! If he could only be there first, and
catch Bob Cratchit coming late! That was the thing he had set his heart upon.
And he did it; yes, he did! The clock struck nine. No Bob. A quarter past. No Bob. He was full eighteen
minutes and a half behind his time. Scrooge sat with his door wide open, that he might see him come
into the tank.
His hat was off before he opened the door; his comforter too. He was on his stool in a jiffy, driving away
with his pen, as if he were trying to overtake nine oclock.
Hallo! growled Scrooge in his accustomed voice as near as he could feign it. What do you mean by
coming here at this time of day?
I am very sorry, sir, said Bob. I am behind my time.
You are! repeated Scrooge. Yes, I think you are. Step this way, sir, if you please.
Its only once a year, sir, pleaded Bob, appearing from the tank. It shall not be repeated. I was making
rather merry yesterday, sir.
Now, Ill tell you what, my friend, said Scrooge. I am not going to stand this sort of thing any longer.
And therefore, he continued, leaping from his stool, and giving Bob such a dig in the waistcoat that he
staggered back into the tank again and therefore I am about to raise your salary!
Bob trembled, and got a little nearer to the ruler. He had a momentary idea of knocking Scrooge down
with it, holding him, and calling to the people in the court for help and a strait-waistcoat.
A merry Christmas, Bob! said Scrooge, with an earnestness that could not be mistaken, as he clapped
him on the back. A merrier Christmas, Bob, my good fellow, than I have given you for many a year! Ill
raise your salary, and endeavour to assist your struggling family, and we will discuss your affairs this
very afternoon, over a Christmas bowl of smoking bishop, Bob! Make up the fires and buy another coal-
scuttle before you dot another i, Bob Cratchit!
Scrooge was better than his word. He did it all, and infinitely more; and to Tiny Tim, who did not die, he
was a second father. He became as good a friend, as good a master, and as good a man as the good
old City knew, or any other good old city, town, or borough in the good old world. Some people laughed
to see the alteration in him, but he let them laugh, and little heeded them; for he was wise enough to
know that nothing ever happened on this globe, for good, at which some people did not have their fill
of laughter in the outset; and knowing that such as these would be blind anyway, he thought it quite as
well that they should wrinkle up their eyes in grins as have the malady in less attractive forms. His own
heart laughed, and that was quite enough for him.
He had no further intercourse with Spirits, but lived upon the Total-Abstinence Principle ever afterwards; and it was always said of him that he knew how to keep Christmas well, if any man alive possessed the knowledge. May that be truly said of us, and all of us! And so, as Tiny Tim observed, God bless Us,